World History

SSChurchWindow.bmp (66950 bytes)

Unit 8 The Late Middle Ages 
Chapter 25 The Church
1000 A.D. - 1300 A.D.

Last Updated    11/26/2009     11/25/2009     11/23/2009     11/22/2009     1/13/2008      12/9/2007      12/8/2007      11/12/2007      11/11/2007      11/2/2007      10/16/2007      10/13/2007      9/29/2007      9/24/2007      12/27/2005     11/25/2005       10/10/2005    

Created   9/11/2005

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Day 1
Topic    Crusades
Objective
Discuss how the Roman Catholic Church influenced life during the Middle Ages.
State Goals
17.A.1a Identify physical characteristics of places, both local and global (e.g., locations, roads, bodies of water).
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
8.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades).
Classwork-Homework
The city of Jerusalem is holy city for many people, including Christians, Jews, and Muslims. The country around it is sometimes called "The Holy Land" because it is so important to so many different religions. Jerusalem has been controlled by different groups at different points throughout history, and at times wars have been fought over the city. In the late 11th century, the Seljuk Turks ruled Jerusalem and much of the surrounding area. The Byzantine Emperor, fearing the complete collapse of this empire, sent a letter to Pope Urban II for military assistance. In 1095, the pope called for war to drive the Muslims out of the region. The result was a series of wars called the Crusades. These wars ended with limited success for the western Europeans. For a brief period of time, the Crusaders held Jerusalem and the surrounding region. However, by the end of the 13th century, Muslim forces had recaptured all of the area the Crusaders had taken. Tell students that they will read part of Pope Urban's speech calling for Christians to take control of Jerusalem in 1095 and then the words of Saladin, the Muslim leader who took Jerusalem back from the Crusaders in 1187. They will compare the arguments the two leaders used.

1st Crusade   1096-1099
2nd Crusade  1147-1149
3rd Crusade  1189-1192
4th Crusade  1201-1204
Children's Crusade  1212
5th Crusade  1218-1221
6th Crusade  1228-1229
7th Crusade  1248-1254
8th Crusade  1270


CRUSADES: THE CRESCENT AND THE CROSS
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 1 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 2 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 3 of 10  8:56

atlas.gif (1202 bytes) Atlas of World History

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Altlas of World History pp. 62-63

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Crusades to the Holy Land  35a & 35b

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Map: Crusades 1st, 3rd, 4th

Resources 

 

Day 2
Topic    Crusades
Objective
Discuss how the Roman Catholic Church influenced life during the Middle Ages.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
8.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
CRUSADES: THE CRESCENT AND THE CROSS
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 4 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 5 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 6 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 7 of 10  8:56
Resources

 

Day 3
Topic    Crusades
Objective
Discuss how the Roman Catholic Church influenced life during the Middle Ages.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
8.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades).
Classwork/ Homework
CRUSADES: THE CRESCENT AND THE CROSS
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 8 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 9 of 10  8:56
Crusades: Crescent and the Cross Part 10 of 10  8:56

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Crusades  5 pages in color

Resources

 

Day 4-5
Topic   25-1 Cathoic Influence
Objective
Discuss how the Roman Catholic Church influenced life during the Middle Ages.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
8.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes)
Terms to Learn
Mass: worship service
Canon Laws:
laws set up by the church
Excommunication:
lost their membership in the church
Inquisition: A Roman Catholic tribunal established for the discovery and punishment of heresy, which was marked by the severity of questioning and punishment and lack of rights afforded to the accused.

Cathoilc Inquisition and Torture Tools  58:27

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Read Section 1 Catholic Influence pp.381-383
Daily Life
Political Life
The Inquisition


Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) The Church   2 pages of info and question page

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Power of the Church 1500

Resources

 

Day 6
Topic  25-2 Attempts at Reform
Objective
Summarize attempts to reform the church.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
16.B.2a (W)  Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies, and city-states in ancient civilizations.
18.B.3a  Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions.
18.B.3b  Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Classwork/ Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes)
Terms to Learn
Tithes:
offerings equal to 10% of their income
Friars:
preachers
Orders:
groups of friars

 Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People To Know
Pope Gregory VII:
started reforms that the Pope was above kings and nobles
Francis of Assisi:
founded Francisan order, had a deep love of nature

MEDIEVAL LIVES: THE MONKS
The Monks Part 1/3  8:00
The Monks Part 2/3  8:02
The Monks Part 3/3  6:59

 readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 2 Attempts at Reform  pp.384-386
The Monks of Cluny
Pope Gregory VII
Friars

Resources

 

Day 7
Topic    25-3 Learning
Objective
Describe education during the Middle Ages.
Create a medevial book.
Identify tools used in mauscript writing.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
Classwork/ Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes)
Terms to Learn
Cathedrals:
churches headed by bishops
Unions: groups of people joined together for a common cause
Universities:
groups of teachers and students devoted to learning
Chancellor:
church official who was the head of a university

Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People to Know
Thomas Aquanis:
noted scholar of the middle ages

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 3 Learning pp. 386-388
Cathedral Schools
Universities
Thomas Aquinas

Gothic Cathedrals of Europe  4:47
Medieval Cathedrals in England  10:18
Inside the Cologne Cathedral  1:11

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) The Scribe

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Tools of the Trade and How They were Used

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Illuminations
A lesson in the art of illuminated leters.
Use as a slideshow, neat art lesson (Examples) at end.

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Make a Medevial Book
2-page lesson and templates

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Make a Quill Pen

Resources

 

Day 8
Topic   25-4 The Crusades 
Objective
Explain why the Crusades took place.
List effects of the Crusades.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
18.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes)
Terms to Learn
Crusades:
holy wars
Crusaders:
people who fought to regain the Holy Lands from the Muslims
Emirs:
leaders of Saladin's army who headed groups of soldiers

Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People to Know
Pope Urban II;
called for the crusade against the Turks
Saladin:
Muslim military leader
Richard the Lionheart
: Crusader King who gave up and signed a truce with Saladin

The Crusades: Swords, Silks, and  Saladin  9:35
Richard the Lionheart Defeats Saladin at the Battle of Arsuf  8:46   3rd Crusade 1189-1192
Richard the Lionheart Defeats Saladin at Jaffa  10:06

THE CHILDREN"S CRUSADE: A LONG MARCH TO JERSULAEM
A Long March to Jerusalem  1/5  9:56

Resources

 

Day 9
Topic    The Childrens' Crusade
Objective
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
18.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
THE CHILDREN"S CRUSADE: A LONG MARCH TO JERSULAEM
A Long March to Jerusalem  2/5  10:00
A Long March to Jerusalem  3/5  9:55
A Long March to Jerusalem  4/5  9:57
A Long March to Jerusalem  5/5  9:55

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 4 The Crusades pp. 388-395
A Call to War
The Peasants' Crusade
The Nobles' Crusade
The Kingdom Beyond the Sea
Saladin and the Crusade of Kings
The Loss of an Ideal
Effects of the Crusades

Resources

 

Day 10
Topic    Saladin
Objective
View the life of Saladin.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
18.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
SALADIN (1963)
Saladin Part 1/10  9:53
Saladin Part 2/10  9:56
Saladin Part 3/10  9:51
Saladin Part 4/10  9:52
Resources

 

Day 11
Topic    Saladin
Objective
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
18.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades). 
Classwork/ Homework
SALADIN
Saladin Part 5/10  9:35
Saladin Part 6/10  9:52
Saladin Part 7/10  9:51
Saladin Part 8/10  9:40
Resources

 

Day 12
Topic    Saladin
Objective
C
ompare an excerpt from Pope Urban II calling for a Crusade to take control of Jerusalem with the words of Saladin calling for Muslims to win control of the city.  
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
18.C.4a: Analyze major cultural exchanges of the past (e.g., Colombian exchange, the Silk Road, the Crusades).  
Classwork/ Homework
SALADIN
Saladin Part 9/10  9:51
Saladin Part 10/10  9:54

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Two Sides in a Crusade

Resources

 

Day
Topic   Virtual Field Trip 
Objective
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
Classwork/ Homework
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Arches   Learn how they were built and play the game.
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Tour of Durham Cathedral
Resources

 

Day
Topic    
Objective
State Goals
Classwork/ Homework
Resources


Teacher Reources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_Tests      IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer      bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book      Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit

CATHEDRALS
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes)Tour of Durham Cathedral     
CHURCHES AND MONISTARIES
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Medieval Churches and Monastaries
CLUNY
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Crossaugel Abbey  Clunic Abbey at Paisley, Scotland.
CRUSADES
IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Map of Third Crusades Kingdoms   Eddesa, Antioch, Jerusalem, Tripoli
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Church and the Crusades
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Crusades and the Rise of Islam
FRANCIS OF ASSISI
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Francis of Assisi  Had a lifelong passion of caring for society's castoffs, the sick and poor, including lepers.
ILLUMINATIONS
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)  Manuscript Page Template design frame, blank center
INQUISITION
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Inquisition
POPE GREGORY VII
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Pope Gregory VII  Pope Gregory biography
PROJECTS
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Layered Curriculum for the Middle Ages  Kids choose different activities from A, B, and C.  Goes along with Glencoe Human Heitage textbook.
STAINED GLASS
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Stained Glass Art Project

 

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