World History

ByzantineBird.bmp (46686 bytes)

Unit 7 The Emergence of New Empires 
Chapter 21 The Byzantine Empire
330 A.D. - 1455 A.D.

Last Updated    11/24/2009     11/21/2009      11/19/2009     11/16/2009     11/9/2009     1/13/2008      11/30/2007      10/18/2007      9/23/2007     11/25/2005      10/23/2005     

Created   9/11/2005 

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Day 1-2
Topic  Map Byzantine Empire under Justinian                         
Objective
Locate the Byzantine Empire on a map and globe.
State Goals
16.A.3b  Make inferences about historical events and eras using historical maps and other historical sources.
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
Classwork-Homework
THE BYZANTINE EMPIRE
The Byzantine Empire Part 1  10:03
The Byzantine Empire Part 2   8:51
The Byzantine Empire Part 3   7:05
The Byzantine Empire Part 4   7:48
The Byzantine Empire Part 5   7:15
The Byzantine Empire Part 6   8:25

atlas.gif (474 bytes) Altlas of World History

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Altlas of World History p. 46

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Growth & Decline of the Byzantine Empire  25

 
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)
Map Byzantine Empire under Justinian

Resources 

 

Day 3
Topic    21-1 Constaninople
Objective
Explain how Byzantine Empire survived and prospered for 1,000 years.
Discuss why Constaninople was important to the empire.
State Goals
16.B.2a (W)  Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies, and city-states in ancient civilizations.
18.B.3a  Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions.
18.B.3b  Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Vocabulary
Relics:
valued holy objects from the past

 Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People to Know
Constantine I: his rule helped ensure the eastward spread of Christianity 280-337

 Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Places to Locate
Constantinople: capital of the Byzantine Empire
Black Sea:
Aegean Sea:

THE BYZANTINE GREEKS: ENGINEERING AN EMPIRE
The Byzantine Greeks  1/5  9:31
Constantine inherited an empire divided into two parts.
He reunited the two parts of the empire.
He builds a new center of the empire, Constaniopolis, the City of Constantine.
There is a large Christian presence in the empire.
He is a ruthless dictator.
He killed his son, his step-son, and his second wife.
The city only had one aquaduct. The people were dying of thirst.
The city needed a water system larger than Rome's.
This fell to Valens who reigned from 364-378 AD.
It brought water a distance of 400 miles from Thrace.
The Byzantine Greeks  2/5  9:06
Water was stored in underground cisterns.
Population sweleed to 500,000.
410 AD Rome fell to Visigoths.
Attila and the Huns are threateninbg.
Constaniople is fortified with the strongest walls ever built.
Theodius II (401 - 450) was the emperor.
The walls were built to withstand earthquakes.
A huge eathquake made the city vulnerable.
The Theodosian walls were repaired by the people.
A moat was added.
A new outer wall was added.
The inner wall was completely rebuilt.

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 21-1 Constantinople pp. 317-319

Resources
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Byzantine Empire

 

Day 4
Topic  21-2 Justinian
Objective
Describe the reign of Justinian and his wife Theodora.
Explain why Basil was a great military leader.
State Goals
16.B.2a (W)  Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies, and city-states in ancient civilizations.
18.B.3a  Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions.
18.B.3b  Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Vocabulary
Theology:
study of religion
Dowry:
wealth she brought with her when she was married
Mosaics:
pictures made up of many bits of colored glass or stone
Greek Fire:
a chemical mixture that ignited when it came into contact with water

Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People to Know
Justinian I: redid law code, building program 483 - 565
Theodora:
wife of Justinian, got women more rights, advisor during rebellion
Basil: military genius, 958 - 1025
Basil II: 958 - 1025
Belisarius: reorganized and led Byzantine army

Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Places to Locate
Macedonia:
Hagia Sophia:
church "Holy Wisdom", religious center of the Byzantine Empire

THE BYZANTINE GREEKS: ENGINEERING AN EMPIRE
The Byzantine Greeks  3/5  9:34
Attila could not get into the city.
A giant chain was made to cut off the harbor.
City was safe but the land was being ravaged.
476 the last Roman emperor abdicated.
Justinian was born a peasant.
He was ruthless.
Justinian married Theodora a burleque dancer.
He promoted her talents.
He named her co-empresses.
He tried to regain the bygone glory of ancient Rome.
He reclaimed lost western territories.
The Hippodrome was the center of life in Constaniople.
532, Nica Riot, at the Hippodrome of the Blues and Greens left a third of the city in ashes.

The Byzantine Greeks  4/5  8:49
Thodora convinced Justinian not to run.
Justinian calls the rebels back to the Hippodrome.
The gates are locked and  the Imperial army kills 30,000 people.
Justinian rebuilds the churches.
Church of Holy Wisdom, called The Eye of Sophia. Largest dome in world.
It was dedicated in 536.
It became the centerpiece of christianity.
Under Justinian the empire grew to its largest size.
Three emperors would rule after Justinian deaths.


The Byzantine Greeks  5/5  7:12
Basil was a military genius.
Basil's greatest enemy was Czar Samuels of Bulgaria.
986 Samuels defeats Basil. He was only eighteen and walked into an ambush.
He swore revenge.
Basil crushed revolts within his empire.
Basil has his engineers desin a siege weapon called the trebuchet.
Basil's army was unstopable.
He returns to fight Bulgaria.  He destroys ther infrastructure.
1014 July 29, Basil launched a surprise attack conquering the Bukgarians and capturing 14,000 men.
He blinded everyone, leacving every 100th with one eye to lead the others back home.
Basil II.
1453, Ottamans unleash cannons against the walls.
Constaniople became Instanbul.
 

The Dark Ages: Part 4 An Empire Strikes Back  8:34

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 21-2 Justinian I pp. 320-324
Theodora
Law and Public Works
Conquest

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Justinian Code
Digest: decisions of great Roman jurists
Institutes: textbook for law students
Novels: actual edicts issued by Justinian
Codex: collection of statutes and principles

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Theodora Mosaic Art Piece

Resources

 

Day 5
Topic 21-3 The Church   
Objective
Describe the Eastern Orthodox Church and the role it played in the Bzyantine Empire.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Vocabulary
Patriarch:leader of the church in Constantinople
Metropolitan:
church officials in charge of the empire's important areas
Icons: religious images

 Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) People to Know
Emperor Leo III: 726 ordered that icons could no not be used in religious worship

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 21-3 The Church pp. 324-326

Resources

 

Day 6
Topic    21-4 Decline of the Empire
Objective
Summarize causes of the decline of the Bzyantine Empire.
State Goals
18.A.5  Compare ways in which social systems are affected by political, environmental, and economic and technological changes.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Vocabulary

THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
The Ottoman Empire Part 1  8:24
The Ottoman Empire Part 2  8:31
The Ottoman Empire Part 3  4:38

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Section 21-4 Decline of the Empire pp. 326-328

Resources

 

Day 7
Topic    The Fall of Constaniople
Objective
Explain how the Ottomans were able to conquer Constaniople.
State Goals
16.B.2a (W)  Describe the historical development of monarchies, oligarchies, and city-states in ancient civilizations.
18.B.3a  Analyze how individuals and groups interact with and within institutions.
18.B.3b  Explain how social institutions contribute to the development and transmission of culture.
Classwork/ Homework
THE FALL OF CANSTANIOPLE
The Fall of Canstaniople  Part 1/3   9:59
The Fall of Canstaniople  Part 2/3  10:01
The Fall of Canstaniople  Part 3/3  3:50
Resources

 

Day
Topic    
Objective
State Goals
Classwork/ Homework
Resources

 

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites     SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes)_Field_Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)_Activity

BYZANTINE EMPIRE
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Byzantium TimeLine 700 BC to 1600 AD
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) A Brief Summary of Byzantine History
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) ByzNet Site dedicated to the study of the Byzantine Empire, or later Roman Empire.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Byzantine Empire    
CLOTHING
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Clothes of the Byzantine
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) History of Clothing
CONSTANTINOPLE
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fall of Constantinople, 1453

 

305 AD Constantine became co-emperor of Rome.
324 AD Constantine becomes sole ruler of Rome.
Accepts Christianity.
330 AD

Constantinople becomes capital of Roman Empire

337 AD Constantine dies.
Sons of Constantine rule
  Julian, a general, rules
  Series of other emperors
430 AD Roman Empire in the west fell.
527 AD Justinian, a Macedonian, rules Byzantine Emoire
532 AD Theodora, Justinian's wife, convinces husband to fight rebellion.
Rebels were trapped and 300,000 killed.
542 AD Plague strikes Constantinople.
Killed 10,000 people a day. By end of summer 300,000 had died.
700 AD Byzantine Empire reduced to Greek territories.
Now had one religion, one language, and one culture.
726 AD

Emperor Leo III bans icons

1054AD

Eastern Ortodox and Roman Catholic churches separate.

1100s AD Empire's borders were safe, not as many soldiers needed.
1453 AD Turkish armies capture Constantinople.

 

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