SmithLifeScience                                             Name __________________ Period _____

SciPraireDog.bmp (69054 bytes) Reading Study Guide 21-1 Living things and the Environment
Pages 704-709

Section 1 Living Things and the Environment (p.704)

1. What Nebraskan animal lives underground and eats seeds?     ___________________

2.- 11.  Section 1 Vocabulary Matching (pages 705-708)

Key Terms          
_____ Abiotic Factor   A. Living thing
_____ Biotic Factor   B. an environment that provides the things an organism needs to
   live, grow, and reproduce
_____ Community   C. the living parts of an organism's habitat

_____ Ecology
  D. non-living parts of an organism's habitat
_____ Ecosystem   E. a group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate
   with each other and produce offspring that can mate and       reproduce
_____ Habitat   F. all the members of one species in a particular area

_____ Organism
  G. all the different populations that live together in an area

_____ Photosynthesis
  H. Plants use water, sunlight, and carbon dioxide to make food
_____ Population   I. community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with      their non-living surroundings
_____ Species   J. study of how living things interact with each other and with their       environment

Habitats and Biotic Factors p. 705

12. Name a source of food for the red-tailed hawk. _________________


Match the organism with its forest habitat.

13. Mushrooms grow in  ________.                     A. in tree trunks

14. Salamanders live _________.                       B. in the damp soil

15. Woodpeckers build nets ________.              C. in tree trunks


16.-31. Identify the biotic factors of the paraire dogs habitat with a
checkmark.gif (221 bytes) mark.

_____ Soil   _____ Grass   _____ Hawks   _____ Air
_____ Seeds   _____ Worms   _____ Rocks   _____ Fungus
_____ Plants   _____ Water   _____ Eagles   _____ Ferrets
_____ Temperature   _____ Sunlight   _____ Bacteria   _____ Oxygen


Abitotic Factors p. 706

32-36. Name the 5 Abiotic Factors

Levels of Organization p. 707-709

37-40 Put a checkmark.gif (221 bytes) mark in front of examples of populations.

_____ All the pigeons in New York City.

_____ 400 million praire dogs in a Texas praire dog town.

_____ All the trees in a forest.

_____ All the bees in a bee hive.


Name two animals that use praire dog tunnels as homes.

41. ______________________

42. ______________________


43-46 List these terms in order from the smallest level to the largest.

Population    Organism     Ecosystem    Community

Smallest _______________

             _______________

             _______________

Largest _______________


Evaluation
47-56    Look at page 709. List 6 biotic factors and 4 abiotic factors.

Biotic Factors
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                   Abiotic Factors
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