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Unit 3 Ecology
Chapter 22  Ecosystems and Biomes

"We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us.
When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect

                                                                    - Aldo Leopold, Sand County Almanac

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Created 3/19/2003


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Previous: Populations and Communities        Next: Living Resources

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit


22-1 Energy Flow in Ecosystems
Energy Roles: Producer, Consumers, Decomposers
Food Chains and Food Webs
Energy Pyramids

22-4 Biomes and Aquatic Ecosystems
Rain Forest
Deciduous Forest
Boreal Forest
Mountains and Ice
Freshwater Ecosystems
Marine Ecosystems

22-2 Cycles of Matter
Water Cycle
Carbon and Oxygen Cycle
Nitrogen Cycle

22-3 Biogeography
Continental Drift
Means of Dispersal
Limits to Dispersal


Day 1
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes
  RSG 22-1 Energy Flow in Ecosystems
Day 11
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Earth's Biome & Ocean Map Science Explorer page 140
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Bodies of Water Map
Day 2
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Monster Crabs
Day 9
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall  758-769
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer page 134
Day 12
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 696-701
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) African Rain Forest Science Explorer pages 18-26
Day 10
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pp. 134-138 # 1-26
Day 13
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Lion King Ecology


Day 1
Topic  Ecosystems and Biomes Chapter 22
Objectives/ I can...
Name and describe the energy roles that organisms play in an ecosystem.
Explain how energy moves through and ecosystem.
Describe how much energy is available at each level of an energy pyramid.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
organism that makes its own food
organism that obtains food by eating other organisms
consumer that eats only plants
consumer that only eats animals
consumer that eats both plants and animals
animal that only eats dead organisms
organism that breaks down the remains of other organisms

Producers, Consumers and Decomposers  4:16

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Producers, Consumers, and Decomposers

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 740-745

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)RSG 22-1 Energy Flow in Ecosystems

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Food Webs at Hydrothermal Vents Science Explorer page 115
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) To Eat or be Eaten   Missing elk mystery.


Day 2
Topic 22-1 Food Chains, Food Webs, and Energy Pyramids
Objectives/ I can....
Can define and construct a food chain.
Can identify the role of organisms within a food chain.
Can trace the path of energy through a food chain.
Construct an ocean food web.
Show how organisms are related by how they get their food.
Look at the impact of adding King Crabs to tyhe food web.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Food Web:
way of showing how food webs are related
Food Chain:
way of showing how the energy from food moves through populations of organisms in a community
Energy Pyramid:
way of showing how energy moves through a food chain

Energy Pyramid and Food Web  1:44

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Pond Food Web ppt

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Energy Pyramids and Food Chains

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Sea Grass Food Web Pages 12-13

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Monster Crab Website

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) BBC News Story on Monster Crabs
Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Food Chain Checkers  Diatoms, Copepods, Herring, Whales
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 
A Food Web Old Prentice-Hall TR 17-18
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Galapagos Food Web
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Introduction to Food Chains and Food Webs  Secondary
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fitting Algae Into the Food Web   Food Web Game


Day 3
Topic  22-2 The Water Cycle
Objectives/ I can....
Name and describe processes involved in the water cycle.
Define and describe the nitrogen cycle.
State Goals
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Water Cycle:
movement of water between surface and the atmosphere
changing of a liquid to a gas
process by which water is lost through the stomata
changing of a gas to a liquid
water that falls to Earth: rain, snow, sleet, haik, fog 

Water Cycle: Brain Pop  3:38
Water Cycle  3:17

bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Follow a Drop of Water Through the Water Cycle

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Water Cycle Diagram US Geological Survey
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Water Cycle Summary

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Blank Water Cycle Diagram

readme.gif - 802 Bytes 
Prentice Hall 746-751

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 118-120  # 1-16

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Testing for Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Science Explorer page 122
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Cycles in Nature 
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 
Water Cycle color diagram
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes What Do You Know About Water
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Water Treatment


Day 4
Topic Water Cycle Mobius
Objectives/ I can....
Describe the water cycle and create a mobius strip model.
State Goals
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Water Cycle Mobius Strip
1. Review vocabulary and steps in the water cycle.
2. Color the pictures and cut out the strips.
3. Twist the strip once and join the ends to make a continuous piece of paper.
4. Tape the ends together.


Day 5
Topic 22-2 The Carbon Cycle and Nitrogen Cycle
Objectives/ I can....
Explain the carbon cycle.
Explain how carbon and oxygen are recycled in an ecosystem.
State Goals
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Carbon Cycle:
movement of carbon between Earth's atmosphere and organisms
Deforestation: excessive cutting of forests
Fossil Fuel:
energy source formed from the remains of plants and animals that lived and died long ago
Nitrogen Fixation: process of combing nitrogen with other elements to make usable compounds
Nitrogen Cycle:
movements of nitrogen compounds between the atmosphere, the soil, and living organisms

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Carbon Cycle
1. Carbon dioxide is used by producers (plants) to make food.
2. Producers (plants)  release oxygen.
3. Oxygen used by air breathing organisms ( humans).
4. Carbon dioxide released by air breathing organisms ( humans).

Carbon Cycle  1:55
Nitrogen Cycle  1:00



Day 6
Topic 22-3 Biogeography
Objectives/ I can....
Explain how the movements of the continents has affected the distribution of species.
Name and describe three ways that dispersal of organisms occurs.
Name and describe factors that can limit the dispersal of a species.
State Goals
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Biogeography 1  9:36

Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Land & Water Paper Folding 

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 752-753

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 125-126

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Organisms and Continental Drift Science Explorer page 128


Day 7
Topic 22-4 Biomes
Objectives/ I can....
Name the six major biomes on Earth.
Name and describe the factors that determine the type of biome found in an area.
Describe the two major types of aquatic biomes.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
average weather of an area over a long period of time
large region with a characteristic climate, plant, animal communities

Biomes  7:51
Biomes of the World  4:34

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall  758-769

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer page 134

TEC  Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Biome Project Link not working  
Go to Mrs Kings BioWeb Worksheets
Scroll to bottom find Rubrics and click on Biome


Day 8
Topic 22-4 Biomes and Ecosystems
Objectives/ I can....
Read for information on biomes.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 134-138   # 1-26
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Biome Project


Day 9
Topic Maps
Objectives/ I can....
Label a world map showing the locations of the different biomes.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Major Land Biomes
Rain Forest
Deciduous Forest/Temperate Forest
Boreal Forest
Arctic and Alpine
Mountains and Ice
Shoreline, low-tide, shallow water, deep water
Lakes, ponds, streams, rivers

Rain Forest
Rainforest Biome  3:27
Rain Forest Biome 2  3:39

Desert Biome  2:50
Desert Biome  6:27
Deserts: Planet Earth  Attenborough  50:52
Evolution of the Desert Biome  4:59

Grasslands Biome  1:22
Grassland Biome 116  2:12

Deciduous Forest/ Temperate Forest
Deciduous Forest 115  1:47
Deciduous Forest Biome  4:28
The Biome Show  6:38

Boreal Forest/ Taiga
Coniferous Biome  5:33
Coniferous Forest  1:29
Taiga Biome  2:33

Arctic Tundra  9:06
Tundra Biome  1:16

Mountains and Ice
Ice Worlds: Planet Earth: Attenborough  51:10
Maniac Mountain Biomes  1:13
Permanent Ice Biome Project  1:11

Coral Reef Biome  2:15
Marine Biome Music Video  4:29

Freshwater Biome  2:41
Freshwater: Planet Earth: Attenborough  48:22

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Earth's Biome Map Science Explorer page 140
Pencil.gif (434 bytes)   Bodies of Water Map

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes 
Biome Notes
Pencil.gif (434 bytes)   Label the Major Deserts of the World
Pencil.gif (434 bytes)   Desert   Animals p.24
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Mammals Species List by Biome


Day 10
Topic African Rain Forests
Objectives/ I can....
Investigate the Rain Forest
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
Amazon Rainforest  8:20
Rainforest Animals of the Amazon  2:41
Rainforest Animals and Plant Life in the Amazon Jungle  1:45
Rainforest Rap  6:19

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 696-701 

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Interdisciplinary Exploration: African Rain Forest
        Science Explorer pages 18-29

18 Dwarf Rain Forest Animals
19-20 Classifying the Great Apes
21 Bat Adaptations
22 Modeling Rain Forest Layers
23 Giant Rain Forest Animals
24 Comparing Tree Heights
25 Reading a Map of Madagascar
26 Peoples of the Rain Forest
27 Word Meanings
28-29 Aye-Aye

 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Rain Forest Layers Mailbox

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Rain Forest Coloring Book  edHelper

star.gif (2279 bytes) Rain Forest Quest     Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Rain Forest Chart



Day 11
Topic Evaluation
Objectives/ I can....
Identify a food chain.
Identify Producers and consumers.
Identify herbivores, carnivores, omnivores, and decomposers.
Identify biotic and abiotic factors.
Name three biomes.
Discuss balance in an ecosystem.
Name a symbiotic relationship.
Name three scavengers.
List the parts of succession.
State Goals
12.B.2a Describe relationships among various organisms in their environments.
12.E.2a  Identify and explain natural cycles of the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems.
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Lion King Ecology
Watch the movie and take notes about the questions.
Lion King
Lion King Part 1  9:08    
Lion King Part 2  9:35    
Lion King Part 3  9:35    
Lion King Part 4  8:23   
Lion King Part 5  8:37 
Lion King Part 6  9:26   
Lion King Part 7  8:45    
Lion King Part 8  9:11
Lion King Part 9  9:12
Final Part 10  7:28

Teacher Resources

  Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)  Labs         crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Tests    IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit      filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT     Video

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Biome Field Guide Requirements Create a field guide book for a biome. Include a protist, Fungus, Plant, Sponge, Cnidarian, Worm Mollusk, Arthropod, Echinoderm, Fish, Amphibian, Reptile, Bird, and Mammal.
Field Guide Rubric
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Biomes Scavenger Hunt  St. Louis Zoo activity.  Great information on biome characteristics.  Charts on zoo animals to research.
 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) World Biome Dossier
The President is embarking on a worldwide tour of diverse biomes.  Since he is such a busy man, he needs you to provide him with a dossier on the biomes he is scheduled to visit.  You must provide him with background information on the biome as well as any environmental issues concerning the biome.  The President wants to know if there is anything that can be done to curtail these problems in the future.  Be sure to give him some of your ideas.  You and your staff will separate into five research teams and each team will research one of the following biomes
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) All About Nature: Biomes-Habitats    The Earth has many different environments, varying in temperature, moisture, light, and many other factors. Each of these habitats has distinct life forms living in it, forming complex communities of interdependent organisms. A complex community of plants and animals in a region and a climate is called a biome.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)   Introduction to Biomes    Biomes are the major regional groupings of plants and animals discernible at a global scale. Their distribution patterns are strongly correlated with regional climate patterns and identified according to the climax vegetation type. However, a biome is composed not only of the climax vegetation, but also of associated successional communities, persistent subclimax communities, fauna, and soils.  Maps and pictures of biomes and plants.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Intergalactic Zoo   Design an alien environment.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Meadow Habitat Journal
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Forest Diorama  Make this diorama based on the real Olympic Rain Forest diorama at the American Museum of Natural History.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Wetlands Diorama  Make this diorama based on the real Wading Bird Rookery diorama at the American Museum of Natural History.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Wetlands Wheel
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  The World's Biomes   Welcome to the World's Biomes Page. This is an introduction to the major biomes on Earth. Biomes are defined as "the world's major communities, classified according to the predominant vegetation and characterized by adaptations of organisms to that particular environment."
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Microinvertebrates
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Ocean Drifters
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Animals of the Taiga/ Coniferous Forest Biomes   The Coniferous Forest and Taiga Biome stretches across a large portion of Canada, Europe and Asia. It is the largest biome in the world. Winters are cold. Summers are warm. Lots of conifers grow here.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate the Coniferous Forest & Taiga Biomes  The Coniferous Forest stretches across a large portion of Canada, Europe and Asia. It is the largest biome in the world. Winters are cold. Summers are warm. Lots of conifers grow here.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Animals of the Temperate Deciduous Forest   Temperate deciduous forests are forests in cool, rainy areas; they have trees that lose their leaves in Fall and regrow them in Spring. Temperate deciduous forests are found in the middle latitudes around the globe and have four distinct seasons: Spring, Summer, Fall, and Winter. In the Northern Hemisphere, these forests are found in North America, Europe, and Asia. In the Southern Hemisphere, there are smaller areas of these forests, in South America, Africa, and Australia. The growing season in these forests is about 6 months long.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate the Deciduous Temperate Forest   The Temperate Deciduous Forest has four seasons of winter, spring, summer, and fall. Animals and plants have special adaptations to cope with these yearly changes.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Creatures of the Desert  Identify a mammal, a reptile, a bird, and an insect that live in the desert.  Research information and draw a picture.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Deserts Word Search Puzzle
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  Label the Major Deserts of the World
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Desert Diorama  Make this diorama based on the real Sonoran Desert diorama at the American Museum of Natural History.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate Desert Biomes    Have you ever driven through a Desert on a trip to anywhere?
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Wetlands Coloring Book
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Freshwater Ecosystem
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Explore-A-Pond   Can you populate the pond in such a way that by week 18 the creatures in the pond are still healthy and thriving? Click on Virtual Pond  
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Famous Rivers of the World    In every continent there is a famous river.  Here are some of the famous ones.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate Freshwater Ecosystems    You'll find a wide variety of animal life in or around fresh water ecosystems...aquatic birds... amphibians..mammals and of course, a wide variety of fish.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Pond Animals   Ponds are teeming with both animal and plant life. Some animals live in the water (fish, crayfish, tadpoles, etc.), some live above the water (ducks, insects, etc.), and others live in the area surrounding the pond (raccoons, earthworms, etc.).
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) African Savanna   44 page lesson plan K-2 nice savanna picture to color or use as a project background. Includes index of animals.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  America's Lost landscape: The Tall Grass Prairie   The North American grassland began about 23-25 million years ago during the Tertiary Period, marking the beginning of the Miocene Epoch, with the second uplift of the Rocky Mountains.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Animals of the Prairie   A prairie is a temperate grassland, plains of grass that get hot in the summer and cold in the winter. Most of the interior of North America was a prairie before European settlement radically altered the environment with agriculture. Even now, the prairie is a large area. The animals that live in prairies have adapted to a semi-arid, windy environment with few trees or shrubs. They can also withstand a great range in temperature, from well below freezing in the winter to sweltering heat in the summer.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Animals of the Savanna   A savanna is a hot, seasonally dry grassland with scattered trees. This environment is intermediate between a grassland and a forest. Savannas are located in the dry tropics and the subtropics, often bordering a rainforest. Savannas have an extended dry season and a rainy season.  The animals that live in savannas have adapted to a great deal of variability in the food supply throughout the year; there are times of plenty (during and after the wet season) and times of almost no food or water (during the dry season). Many savanna animals migrate to deal with this problem.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Build A Praire   Are you up for the challenge?  If you choose the right plants and animals, you can watch the prairie come to life before your eyes!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Grasslands   Go and explore an Enchanted Learning Site. A grassland is a grassy, windy, partly-dry biome, a sea of grass. Almost one-fourth of the Earth's land area is grassland. In many areas, grasslands separate forests from deserts. Deep-rooted grasses dominate the flora in a grassland; there are very few trees and shrubs in a grassland, less than one tree per acre. There are many different words for grassland environments around the world, including savannas, pampas, campos, plains, steppes, prairies and veldts.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Illinois Praire Page    French explorers and trappers, upon viewing the extensive grasslands of mid-America for the first time, called them "prairie." Their word had the meaning of a natural meadow. Prairie is a vegetative community dominated by native grasses and featuring many colorful flowers.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Introduction to Exploring the Praire   What was Iowa like 150 years ago?
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate Grassland Biomes    Did you know that Grasslands are found on every continent except Antarctica?
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Northern Praire Biological Resources    Information on the biotic resources of the Great Plains.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Praires: Rediscovering a Fragile Frontier   Contains an overview of the many endangered plants and animals that once inhabited the tallgrass prairie, the continent's largest connected ecosystem.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Praire Links   The following is a list of some of the resources that are available to prairie enthusiasts on the Internet.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Tall Grass Praire in Illinois   "The Prairie State" is a frequently used nickname for Illinois, yet few people know what a prairie is or have ever visited one. At the same time, there is a growing awareness of prairies. Prairies are an important part of this state's heritage, and in the past few years there have been numerous conferences, radio programs, popular articles, books and scientific papers on prairies.  This article provides an introduction to the fascinating world of prairies.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Oceans of the World  96 page unit
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Ocean Animal Printouts    Click on an animal to go to a printout.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Coral Reef Animals   Coral reefs are warm, clear, shallow ocean habitats that are rich in life. The reef's massive structure is formed from coral polyps, tiny animals that live in colonies; when coral polyps die, they leave behind a hard, stony, branching structure made of limestone.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes   Investigate Marine Ecosystems   Come discover marine creatures from the tiny zooanthellae that make the coral reefs home to the giant mammals of the vast seas.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Life on the Reef    Marine biologists from across the U.S. have gathered in the Bahamas to study creatures along one of the world's largest barrier reefs.
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Rainforest 16 page lesson plan.  Forest picture page with animal/ plant pictures to use to create a rainforest picture.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Snakes of the Rain Forest Circle Book
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Bromeliad Pattern Make a bromeliad and stock it with tadpoles.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Rain Forest Animal Use for Murals
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Belize Mayan Rain Forests
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Columbia Rain Forest Slideshow
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) El Impossible National Park in El Salvador
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Living in the Amazon Rain Forest
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Living in the Choco Rain Forest of Ecuador
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Rain Forest Animal Masks  Use to decorate classroom
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Animals of the Rain Forest   This web site was developed by the 1999 6th grade class at Midlakes Middle School.  It came about as a direct result of our involvement in the Jason X Project. The kids actually researched up to 50 facts and wrote papers on their animals.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate Rain Forests of the World   Did you know there are two types of rain forests-- the temperate and the tropical?
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Journey Into Amazonia   What mysteries does Amazonia hold? That's just what scientists at the American Museum of Natural History want you, Sam Smith, to find out. If you're ready to explore the wilds of the Amazon jungle, journey on, adventurer!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Zoom Rain Forests   Zoom Rainforests is a comprehensive on-line hypertext book about tropical and temperate rainforests. It is designed for students of all ages and levels of comprehension. It has an easy-to-use structure that allows readers to start at a basic level on each topic, and then to progress to more advanced information as desired.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Animals of the Arctic   The world has many different animals. In the Arctic we have many animals that are unique to the north that we would like to tell you about.  We have chosen some of the most unique arctic animals there are.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Arctic   The Arctic is a very cold, windy, and often snowy biome located around the North Pole. When referring to the Arctic, people usually mean the part of the earth within the Arctic Circle (an imaginary circle around the Earth, parallel to the Equator and 23 degrees 28 minutes from the North Pole, that is, above about 75 degrees North Latitude). Although there is no land at the North Pole, the icy Arctic Ocean is teeming with life ranging from the microscopic (like zooplankton) to the huge (like whales).
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Investigate the Tundra Biome   How cold is cold? The Tundra Biome is at the top of the world -- around the North Pole!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Tundra   Enchanted Learning Site. The tundra is a cold, treeless area; it is the coldest biome. The tundra is characterized by very low temperatures, very little precipitation (rain or snow), a short growing season, few nutrients, and low biological diversity. The word tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturia, which means "treeless plain."  There are two types of tundras, Arctic tundras and alpine tundras.
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Build a Bermudan Coral Food Pyramid  Students will be able to construct a pyramid of numbers using data from a Bermudan coral reef.
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)  Food Chain Cards
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Food Chain Mania
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Food Chains and Webs Elementary
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Food Web Matching Game   Blank web, animals and clues!
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Food Webs and Trophic Levels
Pencil.gif - 434 BytesOcean Food Web Use p.5 to list all the food chains you see
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Pond Water Food Chain
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Who Eats Whom In a Bermudan Coral Reef  Students will be able to find out about feeding relationships on a coral reef and develop a food chain and food web using coral reef animals and plants.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fighting For Foxes  Read an article about the Channel Island fox published in the Smithsonian magazine in October 2004. They create and use food webs to better understand the reasons for the foxes decline.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Food Chains/ Nutrition  Pupil Factsheet
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  The Food Chain    What is the difference between the 'Food Chain' and 'Food Web?'  A popular misnomer, the 'food chain' is not actually a linear chain but a complex web.  Energy is passed from one organism to another in a complex network like a spider's web.
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Beach Sands of the World Observe sand samples and find their possible origins.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Water Cycle Can list the 3 phases of water and understand how heat contributes to the transition from one phase to another. Can discuss the various locations where water is stored on Earth and the processes through which water travels from one location to another. Can describe the water cycle.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Water Cycle in a 2-Liter Bottle    All of the earth's water goes through a cycle in which the water changes its location or physical state through different processes. In accordance with the law of conservation of matter, water is not created or destroyed it just changes form. Water can be found in all three states of matter during the cycle: solid (ice caps), liquid (lakes) and gas (water vapor).  Use two 2-Liter bottles to create your own water cycle.  Neat activity!!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  The Watershed Game    Many things happen in a watershed that affect the quality of the water we rely upon. What are they?  Would you make the best decisions in managing your watershed?  Examine the issues in each area of the watershed, then see the impacts of your choices!
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes What Do You Know About Water


Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif (2279 bytes) Climate Comparison Chart  compare average monthly temperature of two different biomes
 star.gif (2279 bytes)Create a Food Web   This is a COOL site!  An interactive worksheet. You know that a  food web is made up of two or more interconnected food chains, and that it shows the food relationships among organisms in a community. Let's see you create a food web.  Click and drag the animals, plants, and arrows to form a possible food web.  Arrows should be drawn from food source to food consumers.  At the end of this activity, you can discard excess pictures into the Recycle Bin and then right-click to print your food web.  If you move your mouse pointer on the picture the name will pop-up.  Bring in your food web for me to see for extra credit!
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Rain Forest Quest

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