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Unit 3 Human Biology and Health
Chapter 19 The Nervous System


Last Updated    10/13/2011     1/15/2010     10/19/2009     10/17/2009     10/16/2009     9/19/2009      8/21/2009     8/19/2009     12/4/2008      11/26/2007      11/12/2007      11/11/2006      9/23/2006      9/4/2006      8/31/2006      8/13/2006      6/8/2006      5/30/2006      5/29/2006      12/27/2005      11/20/2005      9/29/2005     9/5/2005     

Created  9/3/2005

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Previous: Fighting Disease       Next: The Endocrine System and Reproduction

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit

 

19-1 How the Nervous System Works
Functions of the Nervous System
The Neuron
How a Nerve Impulse Travels

19-3 The Senses
Vision
Hearing and Balance
Smell and Taste
Touch

19-2 Divisions of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
The Brain and Spinal Cord
Peripheral Nervous System
Reflexes
Nervous System Injuries

19-4 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Drug Abuse
Kinds of Abused Drugs
Alcohol

 

Day 1
Topic  19-1 How the Nervous System Works
Objectives/ I can ...
Name the parts that make up the nervous system.
Identify the function of the nervous system.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Neuron:
nerve cell
Dendrite:
fiber that carries messages to the nerve cell body
Axon: fiber that carries messages away from a nerve cell body
Synapse:
gap between the axon of one cell and the dendrite of another

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Nervous System
        
Brain
             Spinal Cord
             Nerves

Anatomy of the Central Nervous System  :58
The Nervous System  5:00
Anatomy of a Nerve  1:45

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Human Anatomy OnLine

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 626-630

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 335-337  # 1-15

TEC
Resources
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Nervous System    
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Notes
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Nervous System Notes
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Nervous System Questions

 

Day 2
Topic 19-2 Divisions of the  Nervous System
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the functions of the parts of the brain.
Identify the cerebrum, cerebellum, and medulla.
Observe how the lobes of the brain lobes fit together.
Identify major lobes of the cerebral cortex.
Observe a portion of the spine, spinal cord, and spinal nerves.
Observe how structure and function are related in the brain.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Central Nervous System:
brain and spinal cord
Peripheral Nervous System:
all the nerves located outside of the central nervous system
Brain:
controls most of the functions of the body
Spinal Cord:
thick column of nerves that links brain to nerves
Cerebrum:
input from senses, movement, learning & memory
Cerebellum:
muscles, balance
Brainstem:
involuntary actions
Somatic Nervous System: control voluntary actions
Autonomic Nervous System:
control involuntary actions
Medulla:

If I Only Had a Brain: Wizard of Oz  1:02
Parts of the Brain  1:22
Miracle in the Human Brain  1:24
Regions of the Brain  1:16
Mickey Mouse Runaway Brain  7:25

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) The Nervous System

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 632-639

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Science Explorer page 344-347   #1-21

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Anatomy Coloring Diagram    Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Handout  

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Brain Cap Activity 11 pages Make a model cap of the brain.

TEC
Resources
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Log   For three days keep a record of how long they sleep and what they eat.
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Color Different Areas of the Brain

 

Day 3
Topic 19-2 Learning times of repeated tasks
Objectives/ I can ...
Gather and record data.
Average and graph data.
Examine their daily behaviors and identify ways in which they can better
Maximize the use of their brain.
Recognize the importance of protecting their brain through the construction of a device to protect the brain.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) It's Mindboggling
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Watch the Brain Learn  Put a child's puzzle (around 12 pieces) together
       Pair off as partners or group of three
       Complete the puzzle three times
       Switch roles: Timer, Recorder, Experimenter
       Total and average the three trials for each person in group.
       Create a graph to show the results.
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Optimizing the Brain  7 pages; keep a Brain Log for 3 days, create a crash helmet for an egg
TEC
Resources

 

Day 4
Topic 19-2 Reflexes
Objectives/ I can ...
Define reflex.
Relate reflexes to the stimuli that cause them.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Reflex:
a response that happens automatically
Concussion
bruiselike injury of the brain

Central Nervous Sysytem Reflex  :31
The Reflex Experiment  5:05

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) The Fighter Pilot Challenge

TEC
Resources
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Bodies and Skeletons 23 pages
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)Split Second Reaction Time

 

Day 5
Topic 19-3 The Senses.
Objectives/ I can ...
Name the five sense organs and their jobs.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Sense Organ:
special organ that receives and processes stimuli from the environment?

Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fragrances and Smells

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 642-650

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 352-354  # 1-20
TEC
Resources

 

Day 6
Topic 19-3 The Senses
Objectives/ I can ...
Name and describe the functions of the parts of the eye.
Describe the jobs of the main parts of the ear.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Cornea:
clear tissue that covers the front of the eye
Pupil:
opening through which light enters the eye
Iris:
circular structure that surrounds the pupil; regulates light entering the eye
Lens:
flexible structure that focuses light
Retina:
receptor cells that line the back of the eye
Nearsighted:
can see nearby objects
Farsighted:
can see distant objects clearly
Eardrum:
separates outer ear from inner ear; vibrates when sound strikes it
Cochela:
snail-shaped tube that is lined with recepteor cells that respond to sound
Semicircular Canal:
responsible for balance

EAR
Ear: The Organ of Hearing  :50 
Organ of Corti  1:00 

EYE
 Human Eye  2:17

HOW THE EYE FUNCTIONS (1040)
How the Eye Functions Part 1  4:55
How the Eye Functions Part 2  6:30

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Let the Light Shine In: A Look at the Iris  quick look at pupil size

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Vision Notes

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Vision Questions

TEC
Resources

 

Day 7
Topic 19-4 Alcohol and Other Drugs
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the effects of some drugs on the body
Describe the effects alcohol has on the body.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Drug:
a chemical substance that causes a change in the body
Drug Abuse: deliberate misuse of drugs
Tolerance: drug user needs larger quantities to produce the same effect on the body
Addiction:
uncontrollable dependence on a drug
Depressant:
drug that slows down the central nervous system
Stimulant:
drug that speeds up the central nervous system
Anabolic Steroid: may increase muscle size and strength
Alcoholic:
addicted to alcohol
Hallucinogen:
drug that causes a person's senses to experience things in an altered way
Inhalant:
everyday product that is inhaled and used as a drug
Cirrhosis: disease of the liver

Drug Abuse Pictures  2:13
Faces of Addiction  :44

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 651-657

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 359-362  # 1-20

 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Health and Biology Drug Chart

TEC
Resources

 

Day 8
Topic 19-4 Addiction
Objectives/ I can ...
Students draw pictures of each drug mechanism.
Students analyze lab mice to view the molecular mechanisms by which various drugs disrupt the synapse.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Synapse:
Neurotransmitters:

Heroin Addicts Speak  4:18
The Price of Heroin  6:51

DRUG ADDICTION  (1951)
Drug Addiction  Part 1  7:04
Drug Addiction Part 2  7:34
Drug Addiction Part 3  6:38

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Drugs of Abuse
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Drugs of Abuse Chart

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Mouse Party
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Mouse Party Worksheet

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Addictions

 


Previous: Fighting Disease       Next: The Endocrine System and Reproduction



Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_TestsIconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT     Video

BODY SYSTEMS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Human Body Quest  Group activity to create a presentation about one of the body's systems.  10 different systems.  Presentation planner could be an individual assignment.
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Bodies and Skeletons 23 pages
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Inside the Human Body: Science Fact File   Investigate the systems of the human body
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Levels of Organization   In unicellular (single-celled) organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions independently. However, multicellular (many celled) organisms have various levels of organization within them. Individual cells may perform specific functions (causing a division of labor) and work together for the good of the entire organism. The cells become dependent on one another.  Explore Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems, and Organisms.
BRAIN
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Anatomy Coloring Diagram    Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Handout   Note02.gif (247 bytes) Teachers Handout
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Brain Log   For three days keep a record of how long they sleep and what they eat.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Colors, Colors?  Here is your job: name the colors of the following words. Do NOT read the words...rather, say the color of the words. For example, for the word BLUE, you should say "RED". Say the colors as fast as you can. It is not as easy as you might think!
 bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Brain Facts: A Primer on the Brain and Nervous System  64 pages
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Brain and Nervous System Roll over the words and learn the parts of the brain.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Brain is the Boss
DRUGS
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Health and Biology Drug Chart
MEMORY
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Grocery List A and Grocery List B  How many can you remember in three minutes?
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Mental Status Evaluation
NERVOUS SYSTEM
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Nervous System Crossword Puzzle
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Neuroscience Coloring Book
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Neuroscience for Kids
REFLEXES
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Bodies and Skeletons 23 pages
SENSE ORGANS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Optical Illusions   Neat site.  On Line tours.



Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Brain Diagram
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes What Happened to Phineas Gage?
 
 
 


Previous: Fighting Disease        Next: The Endocrine System and Reproduction