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Unit 3 Human Biology and Health
Chapter 18 Fighting Disease

                   

Last Updated    1/10/2013     1/9/2013     10/19/2009     10/16/2009     10/15/2009     9/72009     8/19/2009     9/29/2008      11/13/20067      9/27/2007      9/23/2007      8/31/2006      8/13/2006      6/8/2006      5/29/2006      11/20/2005      10/15/2005      9/5/2005     

Created  9/3/2005

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Previous: Respiration & Excretion       Next: The Nervous System

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit

 

18-1 Infectious Disease
Understanding Infectious Disease
Kinds of Pathogens
How Pathogens Are Spread

18-3 Preventing Infectious Disease
Active Immunity
Passive Immunity

18-2 The Body's Defenses
Barriers That Keep Pathogens Out
Inflammatory Response
Immune System
AIDS

18-4 Noninfectious Disease
Allergies
Diabetes
Cancer

 

Day 1
Topic Bacterial Infection
Objectives/ I can ...
Create a map of the spread of cholera in England in 1854.
Describe the scientific methods that John Snow used to identify the environment in which cholera could spread.
Apply what they have learned about environmental conditions as a factor in the spread of infectious diseases.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Poison Pump

BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) John Snow, the First Epidemiologist

Deadly History of Public Health  7:59

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) On the Mode of the Communication of Cholera (1855) by John Snow M.D.
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) John Snow|
bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) The Drummer Was the First to Die by Liz Pennywitt Taylor 
In 1854, when a cholera epidemic erupts in India and travels a killing route west toward London, noted anesthesiologist Dr. John Snow dedicates himself to discovering the source of the devastating disease.

 

Day 2
Topic  18-1 Infectious Disease
Objectives/ I can ...
Explain the relationship between pathogens and infectious disease.
List the kinds of pathogens that cause infectious diseases in humans.
Identify four sources of pathogens.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Pathogen:
any agent that causes disease
Infectious Disease:
disease caused by the presence of a living thing within the body
Toxin:
poison
White Blood Cell:
cell that protects the body against disease
Antigen:
signal molecule that produces an immune response
Antibody:
molecule the body makes to protect itself from disease
Contagious: can be spread from one person to another

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Kinds of Pathogens
Bacteria
Viruses
Fungi
Protists

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Bacteria and Virus Caused Diseases

Food Safety Video: Microbes  4:36
Why We Have Virus Caused Diseases  13:05
Monsters Inside Me: Parasites  2:37
The General Assembly of Diseases  8:51
History of Infectous Disease  4:15

DISEASES
Foot Fungus  1:28
Hepatitis A  1:35
Hepatitis B and C  3:59

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 592-596

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Cereal Box Project 
Use a cereal box to present information on a disease caused by a bacterium, a virus, or a protist.
                               
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Catch the Fever  Clinical Epidemiology Lab  pages 56-63
Diagnose diseases from symptons

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Stopping Malaria Science Explorer page 275
Resources

 

Day 3
Topic 18-2 The Body's Defenses
Objectives/ I can ...
Explain how the body's first line of defense guards against pathogens.                
Describe what happens during the inflammatory response.
State how the immune system responds to pathogens.
Identify how HIV affects the immune system and how it spreads.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Inflammatory Response: body's second line of defense against pathogens
Phagocyte:
white blood cell that eats pathogens
Immune Response:
body's third line of defense against pathogens
Lymphocyte:
white blood cells that distinguish different kinds of pathogens
T Cell:
identify pathogens and distinguish one kind from another
Antigen:
B Cell:
produce proteins that help destroy pathogens
Antibody:
proteins that help destroy pathogens
AIDS:
acquired immune deficiency syndrome
HIV:
human immunodeficiency virus

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Body's Defenses Against Disease

Skin Waterproof, germ-proof barrier
Digestive System HCL in stomach destroys: germs, bacteria, and viruses
Breathing Passages Hairs in nose filter the air
Cilia and mucus trap germs
Sneezing and coughing get rid of trapped particles
Mouth and Stomach Saliva and stomach acid destroy pathogens
Circulatory System White blood cells destroy bacteria by digesting them
Inflammation Blood vessels widens which increases blood flow
Fever Some pathogens do not grow well at higher temperatures
Antibodies Some destroy foreign substances that contain antigen
Some break up antigen clumps

The Immune System  4:57
Immune System: Learn Human Body  4:03
Boosting Your Immune System  7:27

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) AIDS Card Activity
Find out how HIV is transmitted and how it is not transmitted.

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 597-603

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 297-281  # 1-17

TEC
Inflammation: Clue to Infection Science Explorer page 283
Resources

 

Day 4
Topic 18-3 Preventing Infectious Disease
Objectives/ I can ...
Define immunity.
Explain the difference between natural immunity and acquired immunity.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Immunity:
resistance to a specific disease
Active Immunity: body has developed antibodies against a disease (chicken pox)
Vaccination:
Vaccine:
Antibiotic
: chemical made by a living organism that kills bacteria
Acquired Immunity: immunity that people develop, or acquire during their lives
Passive Immunity: Antibodies are obtained from somewhere else (injection)
Natural Immunity: an immunity people are born with

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Edward Jenner: 1796 first vaccine; small pox

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Diseases and Vaccines

Polio Controlled
Measles Controlled
Mumps Controlled
Small Pox Eliminated


Preventing the Spread of Disease (1940)  10:48
Do You Really Need Soap?  4:32

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 606-610

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Science Explorer pages 288-290

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Preventing Infectious Disease Science Explorer page 291                           

TEC
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic Epidemics
Objectives/ I can ...
Learn the concepts involved in epidemiology.
Trace the spread of a pathogen through a population.
State Goals
11.A.2d Use data to produce reasonable explanations.
13.B.3c Describe how occupations use scientific and technological knowledge and skills.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Epidemic:
more cases of a particular disease than expected
Pathogen: any agent that causes disease
Infectious agents: things that cause disease
Transmission:
how a disease is spread
Epidemiology: study of epidemics
Prevention: stopping the spread of a disease

1918 Flu Epidemic  8:23
History of Epidemics in Africa  9:24

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Outbreak! Investigating Epidemics
Student pages 12, 14-15

TEC
Resources

 

Day 6
Topic 18-4 Noninfectious Disease
Objectives/ I can ...
Identify the causes of allergies.
Explain how diabetes affects the body.
Describe the effects of cancer on the body.
Identify causes of cancer.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Noninfectious Disease:
diseases not caused by pathogens
Allergy:
immune system is sensitive to a foreign substance
Allergen:
a substance that causes an allergy
Histamine:
chemical that is responsible for the symptoms of an allergy
Asthma:
a disorder where the reparatory passages narrow significantly
Insulin:
enables body cells to take in glucose from the blood and use as energy
Diabetes:
pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the body cells fail to use insulin properly
Tumor:
mass or lump of cells
Carcinogen: substances or factors that can cause cancer
Benign Tumor: mass of cells that is usually harmless
Malignant Tumor: harmful mass of cells that can spread throughout the body

Non Infectious Disease  5:49

Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Seven Warning Signs of Cancer

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 611-615

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 295-297  #1-18

TEC
Resources

 

Day 7
Topic Causes of Death, Then and Now
Objectives/ I can ...
Compare leading causes of death today with those in 1900.
Create two circle graphs.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
  Top 10 Causes of Death  4:22
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Causes of Death, Than and Now Science Explorer page 300-302
TEC
Resources

  

Previous: Respiration & Excretion       Next: The Nervous System



Teacher Resources

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_Tests  IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT

BACTERIAL DISEASES
Note02.gif (247 bytes) On the Mode of the Communication of Cholera (1855) by John Snow M.D.  Actual account of the cholera disease of 1855.
BODY SYSTEMS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Human Body Quest  Group activity to create a presentation about one of the body's systems.  10 different systems.  Presentation planner could be an individual assignment.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Inside the Human Body: Science Fact File   Investigate the systems of the human body
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Levels of Organization   In unicellular (single-celled) organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions independently. However, multicellular (many celled) organisms have various levels of organization within them. Individual cells may perform specific functions (causing a division of labor) and work together for the good of the entire organism. The cells become dependent on one another.  Explore Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems, and Organisms.
DISEASES
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Anthrax   Anthrax is an acute infectious disease caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis.
FIGHTING DISEASE
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Bioterrorism Research a biological agent.  Assume role of Microbiologist, Cartographer, Physician, and Administration.
IMMUNE SYSTEM
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Anatomy of the Immune System
NONINFECTIOUS DISEASES
 
PLAGUES
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Plagues and People: Infectious and Epidemic Diseases in History



Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

star.gif - 2279 Bytes Disease Research Assignment
 
 
 


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