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Unit 3 Human Biology and Health
Chapter 17 Respiration and Excretion

                   

Last Updated     10/15/2009     9/19/2009     8/21/2009     8/19/2009     8/18/2009     11/11/2008      9/23/2008      9/3/2007      8/31/2007      8/13/2006      6/8/2006      6/7/2006     5/29/2006      11/20/2005      9/16/2005     

Created  9/3/2005

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Previous: Circulation       Next: Fighting Disease

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit

 

17-1 The Respiratory System
Respiratory System Functions
The Path of Air
Gas Exchange
How You Breathe

17-2 Smoking and Your Health
Chemicals in Tobacco Smoke
Health Problems and Smoking

17-3 The Excretory System
Filtration of Wastes
Excretion and Homeostasis

 

Day 1
Topic Respiration and Excretion
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the functions of the respiratory system.
identify the structures that air passes through as it travels to the lungs.
describe what happens during gas exchange and breathing.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Respiration:
carry oxygen to cells, getting rid of carbon dioxide, and releasing energy

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Human Anatomy OnLine

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 564-572

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 213-217  #1-30

TEC
Resources

 

Day 2
Topic 17-1 Respiration
Objectives/ I can ...
Compare breathing and respiration.
Explain the process of breathing.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Cilia: tiny hairlike structures
Pharynx:
throat
Trachea:
windpipe
Bronchi:
tube leading to the lungs
Lungs: main organs of the respiratory system
Alveoli:
microscopic air sacs in the lungs
Diaphragm:
sheet of muscle below the lungs
Larynx:
organ located on top of the trachea that contains the vocal cords
Vocal Cords: folds of connective tissue that produces your voice
Inhale:
to breathe in
Exhale:
to breathe out

Respiratory System  1:31

Note02.gif (247 bytes) In an average resting adult, the lungs take up about 250ml of oxygen every minute while excreting about 200ml of carbon dioxide. During an average breath, an adult will exchange from 500 ml to 700 ml of air. This average breath capacity is called tidal volume.

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

Diseases of the Respiratory System

Obstructive Diseases Emphysema, Bronchitis, Asthma
Restrictive Diseases Fibrosis, Sarcoidosis, Alveolar Damage, Pleural Effusion
Vascular Diseases Pulmonary Edema, Pulmonary Embolism, Hypertension
Infectious, Environmental and Other Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, Asbestosis, Particulate Pollutants

Emphysema  1:14
Cystic Fibrosis  1:34

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Respiratory System Diagram Page 8

TEC
Resources
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Respiration     Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Notes

 

Day 3
Topic Lung Model
Objectives/ I can ...
Make a model of the lungs and diaphragm.
Explain how air is cleaned, warmed, and moistened.
Explain gas exchange in the lungs and between the blood and body cells.
Compare the gas makeup of inhaled air and exhaled air.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Gas Exchange

Human Respiratory System  1:14

crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) A Breath of Fresh Air  Prentice Hall page 573 -Science Explorer 220-221
        Use small balloon and large balloon, 2-liter plastic bottle, scissors

TEC
Resources

 

Day 4
Topic 17-2 Smoking and Your Health
Objectives/ I can ...
Identify the harmful chemicals contained in tobacco smoke.
Explain the effects of tobacco on the body.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Tar:
dark sticky substance
Carbon Monoxide:
colorless, odorless gas
Nicotine:
stimulant found in tobacco
Addiction: physical dependence
Bronchitis:
irritation of the breathing passages; small passages become narrower
Emphysema:
disease that destroys lung tissue and causes breathing difficulties

Doctors Smoke Camels 1949 Commercial  1:00
Flinstones Cigarette Comercial  1:20
Marlboro Commercial  :39
Smokers Lung  1:29

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Smoking

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 574-578

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 224-226

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Analyzing Smoking Costs Science Explorer page 228
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) The Night Harry Stopped Smoking Tobacco Math worksheet
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic 17-3 The Excretory System
Objectives/ I can ...
Explain how waste products are formed and removed by the body.
Describe how the kidneys act as a filtering system or the blood.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Excretion:
removing waste products from the body
Urea: chemical that comes from the breakdown of proteins
Kidney: organ that removes waste products from the blood
Urine: watery fluid that contains urea and other wastes
Ureter:
tube that carries liquid waste from the kidneys to the bladder
Urinary Bladder:
organ that stores liquid waste
Urethra: small tube urine uses to leave the bladder
Nephron: filtering factories that remove wastes from blood and make urine

Excretory System  4:39
The Urinary System  1:12

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 579-583

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Science Explorer pages 231-233  #1-16

TEC
Urinalysis Science Explorer page 325
Resources

  
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Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_TestsIconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT

BODY SYSTEMS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Human Body Quest  Group activity to create a presentation about one of the body's systems.  10 different systems.  Presentation planner could be an individual asignment.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Inside the Human Body: Science Fact File   Investigate the systems of the human body
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Levels of Organization   In unicellular (single-celled) organisms, the single cell performs all life functions. It functions independently. However, multicellular (many celled) organisms have various levels of organization within them. Individual cells may perform specific functions (causing a division of labor) and work together for the good of the entire organism. The cells become dependent on one another.  Explore Cells, Tissues, Organs, Organ Systems, and Organisms.
EXCRETORY SYSTEM
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Excretory Worksheet
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Human Excretory System
GAS EXCHANGE
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Quiz-Exchange in Organisms
LUNGS
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) How Lungs Work
RESPIRATION
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Build Your Own Spirometer
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Respiration Unit 29 pages
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) How Do We Breathe?
URINARY SYSTEM
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Components of the Urinary System
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Functions of the Urinary System



Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

star.gif - 2279 Bytes Excretory System Crossword Puzzle
star.gif - 2279 Bytes Respiratory Crossword Puzzle
 
 
 
 


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