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Unit 2 Diversity of Life
Chapter 12 Birds and Mammals
Section 3 Mammals




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Created 2/4/2003

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Previous: Birds              Next: Animal Behavior     

Mammal Units  
Bats     Whales
       Orangutans     Pinnipeds

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit 

 

12-3 Mammals

Characteristics of Mammals
Diversity of Mammals
Monotremes
Marsupials
Placental
Mammal Milk

Placental Mammal Orders
Mammal Teeth
Horns and Antlers
Bats and Rodents
Mammal Tracks

 

Day 1
filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes  
Mammals: Eyewitness Video
Day 3
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Animal Groups Matching
Day 2
readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 420-425
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes   RSG 12-3 Mammals
Day 7
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  
Family Password
Day 10
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)   Tricky Tracks

 

Day 1
Topic  Introduction to Mammals
Objectives/ I can ...
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes  
Mammals: Eyewitness Video

WALKING WITH BEASTS: NEW DAWN
Walking With Beasts Episode 1 New Dawn part 1  9:46
Walking With Beasts Episode 1 New Dawn part 2  9:52
Walking With Beasts Episode 1 New Dawn part 3  9:26

WALKING WITH BEASTS: Evolution
Evolution: Walkimg With Beasts Part 1  9:25
Evolution: Walkimg With Beasts Part 2  9:20
Evolution: Walkimg With Beasts Part 3  9:06
Evolution: Walkimg With Beasts Part 4  9:25
Evolution: Walkimg With Beasts Part 5  9:50

TEC
Resources
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Be an Expert: Mammal Study

 

Day 2
Topic 12-3 Mammals
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the characteristics of mammals.
List the three classes of mammals.
List the ten orders of mammals.
Recognize that mammals are endotherms.
Describe the diversity of adaptations that are found in mammals.
Explain that mammals produce milk, which is food for their young.
Make models to show how fat keeps a mammal warm.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Mammal Classification  4:48

Mammal Foldable Book
Page Titles:
Characteristics of Mammals 
Mammal Groups
Monotremes
Marsupials
Placental
Mammal Order
Amazing Mammals

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Characteristics of Mammals
Warm-blooded
Body hair
4 chambered heart
Highly developed brain and nervous system
Mammary glands

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   Mammal Groups
Classified by the way they reproduce

Monotremes (egg-laying)
Marsupials (pouched)
Placental (develop more fully within the female)
   
Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes) Mammal Group Examples

Egg-laying Pouched Placental
Duckbill platypus Anteater Cows
Spiny Anteater Bandicoot Humans
  Echidna Monkey
  Glider Dog
  Kangaroos Cat
  Koala Bear Bat
  Opossums Lion
    Tasmanian Devil        Elephant      
  Tiger Cat  
  Wombat  


EGGLAYING
PLATYPUS
Evolution and the Platypus  6:51
Platypus Parts  3:44
Probing Platypus Evolution   5:20

ECHIDNA
Baby Echidna  2:17
Echidna  :59
Giant Spiny Anteater  3:08
 

POUCHED
ANTEATERS
Anteaters Feeding  :21

BANDICOOT
Australian Long-Nosed Bandicoot  2:33
Bandicoot and Sugar Gliders  :43
Southern Brown Bandicoot  :43
Trapped Bandicoot  1:10

KANGAROO
Baby Gray Newborn Kangaroo: Attenborough  3:16
Kangaroo and Baby  :41
Kangaroo Fight  1:18
Kangaroo Ultimate Mothers  1:10
Kangaroos and Wallabees  1:39
Kangaroos in Australia 1920  3:43
Mickey's Kangaroo 1935  8:58

KOALA BEAR
Koalas 4:02

POSSOUM
Awesome Possoum  4:08
Golden Possoum  :48

SUGAR GLIDER
Sugar Glider Information  9:08

TASMANIAN DEVIL
Bite of the Tasmanian Devil  3:13
Tasmainian Mutants: Facial Cancer  3:49

WOMBATS
Wombats: Extreme Animals  3:06
Wombats of Wamboin  3:46

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 420-425

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes   RSG 12-3 Mammals

TEC
Resources
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Mammal Information: SmithLifeScience

 

Day 3
Topic  Mammal Milk & Gestation Periods
Objectives/ I can ...
Explain that mammals produce milk, which is food for their young.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.

Classwork-Homework
 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Nutritional Content of Milk

Kind of Mammal % Fat In Milk % Protein In Milk
Cow 3.5 3.1
Goat 3.5 3.1
Human 4.5 1.1
Camel 4.9 3.7
Sheep 5.3 5.5
Water buffalo 10.4 5.5
Reindeer 22.5 10.3
Whale 35.0 13.0

Animals A - Z: Baby Animals  8:06
  Bat Milk  1:26 comedy
  Duck-Billed Platypus Milk  1:14  comedy
 
Woman Milking Cow  1:18
 
Milking Time on a Dairy Farm  5:23
 

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes Show kids how to make butter in a baby food jar using cream.

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Gestation Periods

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Animal Groups Matching

TEC
Resources

 

Day 4
Topic  Mammal Characteristics
Objectives/ I can ...
Identify ten placental mammal orders.
Compare mammal sizes and skills.
Describe three mammal record holders.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 
Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   Mammal Orders

Flying Bats
Toothless Anteater, Nine-banded Armadillo, Sloth, Pangolin 
Insect-eating Hedgehog, Pygmy Shrew, Star-nosed mole
Gnawing Nutria, Porcupine, Chipmunk
Rodentlike Rabbits, Hares, and Pikas
Aquatic Manatee, Whales
Trunknosed African & Asian Elephants
Carnivorous Lions, Tigers, Bears, Dogs, Foxes
Hoofed Pigs, Cows, Deer, and Horses (Even & Odd Toed)
Primates Gibbon, Orangutan, Baboons, Monkeys, Humans

 

Flying
Flying Foxes  2:10
Fruit Bats  2:18
Fruit Bats: Oregon Zoo  1:57
Vampire Bats: National Geographic  1:45
Vampire Bat vs. Wrinkle Bat: Nat'l Geog  1:23

Toothless
Giant Anteater  :30
Ground Pangolin  4:45
Pangolin  2:19
Silky Anteater  3:48
Sloth  2:51
Texas Armidillo  2:05
Three-Toed Sloth: Panama  10:42
Two-Toed Sloth  :48
What In the World Is a Pangolin?  1:11
Wild About Anteaters  1:00
 

Insect-eating
Elephant Shrew Navigator: Fooled By Nature  1:53 Giant Elephant Shrew  :47
Hello Hedgehog  3:48
Shrew vs. Scorpion  2:38
Shrew vs. Snake  3:01
Star-nosed Mole  1:36
The Beauty of Ugly: Star-nosed Mole  3:05

Gnawing
Beaver Dams: Fooled By Nature   3:07
Beaver Swimming  :19
Ground Squirels: Desert Darlings  3:24
Long Earred Jeroba  1:06
Mouse vs. Praying Mantis  1:00
Porcupine Argument  1:46
Porcupine vs. Lion  1:37
Praire Dogs Eating Lunch  :31
Rats From Birth to 21 Days  2:32
Rodent Misconceptions  2:45
Squirrel Memory Test  2:47
Squirrel Obstacle Course  1:43
Squirrel vs. Snake  4:10

Rodentlike
Gigantic Rabbit  :56
LOL Rabbits  2:52
Pikas: Life of Mammals: Attenborough  2:41
Rabbit, Rabbit, Rabbit  2:22
Super Bunnies  3:35
What Do Rats and Mice Eat?  1:35
Wild Rabbits Fighting  1:03

Aquatic
Awesome Whales  2:35
Beluga Birth  1:09
Beluga Whale  2:05
Blue Whale  2:08
Bowhead Whale  5:18
Dolphin  Parenting  2:41
Fin Whale and Calf  1:25
Harbor Porpoises  4:16
Help Stop manatee Abuse  5:19
Humpback Whale: Hunting Technique  2:09
Killer Whales vs. Sea Lions  2:35
Manatee: Gentle Giant  3:32
Manatees: Sea Cows  1:34
Narwhals  2:12

Trunknosed
African Elephant  4:50
African Elephant Poops  3:12
Baby Elephant Born  1:48
Elephant Charge  :50
Wild Indian Elephant  2:27

Carnivores
A Day in the Life of Gill the Cat  2:02
Bear vs. Caribou  3:18
Black Bear vs. Puma  1:49
Cat's Life  1:53
Cheetah vs. Wildebeast  3:23
Coyotes Defend Den From Wolf  :51
Dogs: Dinner For One  1:33
Fox Snow Dive  :58
Giant River Otters  2:51
Honey Badger: Most Fearless Animal  3:20
Hyena vs. Leopard  3:10
Hyena vs. Zebra  1:36
Hyenas Eat a Water Bufflo  :54
Hyenas Eat a Wildebeast   3:38
Hyenas On the Hunt  2:24
Lion vs. Zebra  1:47
Lions Hunt Buffalo  2:20
Lions Kill Hyena  3:05
Polar Bear and Cubs  2:42
Polar Bear Attacks Ring Seal  1:58
Polar Bear vs. Walrus  :46
Polar Bear vs. Walrus: Face Off  2:55
Raccoons Fight Snake  1:55
Raccoon Play Fight  :50
Skunk vs. Raccoon  1:06
Skunks  :44
Tiger vs Man on Elephant  :36
Walrus  1:02
Walrus Mom and Baby  2:48
Weasel Action  1:46
Weasel Eating Mouse  2:53
Wild Dogs Attack baby Wildebeast  4:56
Wolves: Animals A - Z  8:03 

Even-Hoofed
African Baby Giraffe  3:09
Bison 1:05
Bison Charges Tourist  1:42
Buffalo Nation  2:59
Camel  :52
Caribou vs. Bear  3:18
Cows  Mooing  1:13
Deer Jumping Over Fence  4:05
Dromedary Camel  1:52
Elk: A Day in the Life  3:10
Extermination of the Buffalo  4:25
Fainting Goats  1:19
Gentle Camels  5:42
Google Goats  4:10
Ibex Life Part 1 10:05
Lucky Deer  :27
Moose Calves Nursing   4:04
Mountain Goats vs. Golden Eagle  7:19
Pig Facts  1:21
Sheep  1:41
Sheep Types  1:34
Thomson's Gazelle  1:02
Vicunas and Alpacas 2:55
Water Buffalo: Battle at Kruger  8:24
Wonder Cow  5:04

Odd-Hoofed
Hippo: Hard Life  2:55
Hippo: Long Lazy Life  5:48
Hippo Spa  2:00
Horse  :49
Rhinocerus Attacks Bus  1:19
Tapir Nose  :26
What In the World is a Tapir  1:47
Zebra's Stripes : Fooled By Nature  2:20

Aardvarks
Aardvarks  1:40

Primates
Baboon Harems  2:33
Chimpanzee  Violent Attack  3:54
Chimpanzees Attack Monkies  4:01
Feeding an Orangutan  1:05
Gibbon: The Singing Ape  1:03
Gorilla vs. Gorilla  2:59
Mandrill Baboon  :36
Orangutan Funny Show  1:21
Primates 1/3  9:31
Primates 2/3  9:31
Primates 3/3  9:26
Primates of Indonesia  6:17
Silverback Gorilla in Rwanda  1:03
Swinging Gibbon  1:06
The Drill  1:41

 

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes   For the Record
Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 1 page 6,7, & 19.
Kids need page 19
            
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Mammal Characteristics & Correction   
Use Prentice-Hall Text as reference.

TEC
Resources
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 
Animal Group Terms

 

Day 5
Topic Animal Teeth
Objectives/ I can ...
Introduce terms, herbivore, carnivore, and omnivore.
Explain the different types of teeth and their function.
Examine teeth and predict the type of diet the animal would eat.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Armed to the Teeth  44:00

Montauk Monster is Not a Dog  4:25

Adaptations: Teeth  7:38

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  
Wildlife Skull Activities 
Use as introduction.
Three animal skulls to identify and discuss.

 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Nutrition   
Identify animals as herbivore, carnivore, or omnivore by:
a. the type of teeth
b. pattern the teeth have.

TEC
Resources
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Bear Species and Polar Bears Powerpoint

 

Day 6
Topic  Prehistoric Mammals
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe several prehistoric mammals.
Compare prehistoric mammals with their modern relatives.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 checkmark.gif - 221 Bytes
Correct Mammal Characteristics & Correction

Prehistoric Mammals  4:42
 
WALKING WITH BEASTS: SABER TOOTH
Walking With Beasts: Saber Tooth part 1  9:54
Walking With Beasts: Saber Tooth part 2  9:58
Walking With Beasts: Saber Tooth part 3  8:52

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes   Mammals, Past and Present 
Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 1
Pages 16-18, 22-24, and 68
Kids need 22-24, and 68.

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Ancient Mammals
Aepycameleus
Ambelodon
Basilosaurus  3:15
Brontotherium
Casteroides
Dinohyus
Diprotodon  :48
Glyptodon
Hyracotherium
Hyenaodon  3:50
Mammoth

Megatherium  1:31
Moeritherium
Smilodon
Unithatherium

TEC
Resources

 

Day 7
Topic  Game about mammal life                                                           
Objectives/ I can ...
Compare the family life of several mammals.
Describe several ways mammal babies differ.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  
Family Password 
Naturescope Amazing mammals Part1 page 31-32

a. Write animal names on board

Giraffe gray wolf cougar bottle-nosed dolphin
black bear African elephant nine-banded armadillo fruit bat
whitetail deer human Virginia opossum red kangaroo
duck-billed platypus leopard seal killer whale  

b. Use Password Clues p.32

c. Start with Clue #1 and ask first table if they have a guess.             
    A wrong guess helps other teams.
    If they are correct they earn 5 points. 
    Clue #2--4 points Clue #3--2 points Clue#4--1 Point

d. Continue with other animals.

TEC
Resources

 

Day 8
Topic Horns & Antlers
Objectives/ I can ...
Describe the difference between horns and antlers.
Define grazer and browser.
Explain some of the ways mammals use their horns and antlers.                 
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Horns vs. Antlers 1:56 from the Brain Scoop
Antlers of the Animal Kingdom  1:43
Fuzzy Antlers  1:03

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Horns and Antlers
Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 2 page 30-32

1 Pass out page 32
2 Horn Information
Horn is a slow growing permanent bone, covered by a thin layer of hard material.   Horns are usually not branched.
3 Ask?  Which animals have horns? 
bighorn sheep, bison, markhor, impala, musk ox, and cape buffalo
4 Antler Information
Antlers are made of bone, but they are fast growing.
Antlers are not permanent.
Animals that have antlers shed them and grow a new set each year.
Antlers are often elaborately branched.
5 Go over the questions and answers page 31

 

TEC
Resources

 

Day 9
Topic  Bats and Rodents
Objectives/ I can ...
Discuss bat trivia.
Give an example of a rodent.
Describe where rodents live and how it is adapted to its habitat.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 Lecture.gif (2227 bytes)  A Bat Like That

Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 2 pages 36, 37, and 42
a. Handout What Do You Know About Bats
     Answer: All, Some, or None
                   black or brown
                   warm-blooded
                   larger than a mouse
                   eat insects
                   hang upside down
                   make sounds people can't hear
                   eat fish
                   orange
                   walk on the ground
                   suck blood
                   swim
                   hibernate
                   cold-blooded
                   migrate
                   nest in people's hair
                   active at night
                   spread rabies
                   make sounds people can hear
                   live more than 30 years
                   eat fruit
b. Pass out page 42 and go over the questions and answers. (page 37)
c. Go back to the list and check to see how many each group got correct.

Bats
Flying Foxes  2:10
Fruit Bats  2:18
Fruit Bats: Oregon Zoo  1:57
Vampire Bats: National Geographic  1:45
Vampire Bat vs. Wrinkle Bat: Nat'l Geog  1:23

Gnawing
Beaver Dams: Fooled By Nature   3:07
Beaver Swimming  :19
Ground Squirels: Desert Darlings  3:24
Long Earred Jeroba  1:06
Mouse vs. Praying Mantis  1:00
Porcupine Argument  1:46
Porcupine vs. Lion  1:37
Praire Dogs Eating Lunch  :31
Rats From Birth to 21 Days  2:32
Rodent Misconceptions  2:45
Squirrel Memory Test  2:47
Squirrel Obstacle Course  1:43
Squirrel vs. Snake  4:10


 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes   Great Rodent Expedition
Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 2 p.49-50, & 52
a. Pass out page 52
b. Use the clues on page 50 and start by giving the first table a clue.
c.  If their correct, they earn as many points as there are clues. 
    Wrong..go to next table.
d. Continue for all the animals.

TEC
Resources

 

Day 10
Topic  Tricky Tracks
Objectives/ I can ...
Identify mammal tracks.
Solve snowy track mysteries.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Mammal Walking
plantigrade:
flatfooted; whole foot, from toe to heel, rests on the ground; Bears, gibbons, and humans
digitigrade: toe walkers; Cats, dogs, wolves, foxes
ungulates: toenail walkers

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board

TOES ON ANIMALS

One Toe (hoof) Two Toes Three Toes Five Toes
Horses Giraffes rhino elephant
donkeys deer    
zebras antelope    
  sheep    
  goats    
  cattle    

How to Track Bears   2:45
How to Track Deer  2:20
How to Track Gray Squirrels  2:32
How to Track Raccoons  2:52
How to Track Red Fox  2:41

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Dinosaur Footprints  What Happened Here?

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Animals Don't Cover Their Tracks

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)   Tricky Tracks  Print lesson out

1

Hand out Note02.gif (247 bytes) Animal Tracks ID Cards

2 Animal tracks tell how the structure of the foot is adapted to the animal’s habitat, lifestyle and locomotion. Animals have different kinds of feet which may tell you about where they live, how they move and how they catch their food.
3

Explain and discuss each of the animal tracks:

4

All feet are adapted from an original five-digit (toed) foot.

5 Some animals are flatfooted. The whole foot, from toe to heel, rests on the ground (plantigrade). Bears, gibbons, and humans are some examples of flat-footed animals. A polar bear's foot is flat. It also has sharp claws and fur on the bottom to help it walk on the ice and snow.
6 Cats, dogs, wolves, foxes, and some other animals walk on their toes. They are toe walkers (digitigrade). This kind of walking is good for silent stalking and fast running. "How do you run?"  Do you run faster when you run on your toes or when you try to run flatfooted?"  Cat feet and dog feet both have claws, but those of a cat are sharp, retractable (able to be drawn back in) and good for grabbing prey. Dog claws are blunt, cannot be drawn back in, and are good for digging and scratching.
7 Some animals are toenail walkers (ungulates). Many of these animals need speed to escape predators. These animals walk on the very tips of their toes.
8

Horses, donkeys, and zebras have only one toe on each foot. Each toe is encased in a hard nail or hoof.

9 Giraffes, deer, antelope, sheep, goats, and cattle stand on two toes on each foot. They have a split or cloven hoof.
10 The rhino has three toes on each foot.
11 The elephant has five toes. The elephant and the rhino walk on the tips of their toes, but they have big pads of flesh on their feet which cushion their heavy steps.
12 Animals that spend a lot of time in the water have webbing between their toes or they have flippers instead of feet.
13 River otters have webbed feet.
14 Seals and sea lions have flippers to help them swim through the water. They are able to move much faster and easier in the water than on land.
15 Tricky Tracks Naturescope Amazing Mammals Part 1 page 45-47, 50-52
Kids need 50-52
16 List animals on board.
Raccoon, Whitetail deer, Snowshoe hare, Beaver, Red fox, Skunk, Weasel,
Red Squirrel, Black bear, House cat, Muskrat, Porcupine
17 Pass out Tricky Tracks Part 1 and identify tracks using reference books.
18 Check correctness of answers.  Everyone needs correct answers for nest part.
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Pass out Snow Scene Part 2 and Tricky Track Questions .  Answer questions using Part 1.

  

TEC
Create a snow scene similar toTricky Tracks.
Snow scene should have
Resources
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Discovering Dinosaurs    Note02.gif (247 bytes) Dinosaur Footprints  What Happened Here?
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Animals Don't Cover Their Tracks
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Forest Carnivore Track Guide

 

Day 11
Topic Animal Embryos
Objectives/ I can ...
Recognize how the development of mammals differs from that of other animals.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Egg:
female reproductive cell
Sperm:
male reproductive cell
Fertilization:
joining of the nuclei of the male and female reproductive cells
Gestation:
time it takes an embryo to fully develop inside its mother's body

Embryology  9:10
Chick Embryonic Development  :45
Development of Human Fetus  4:30
Fetal Developmwnt  4:31

camera.GIF (174 bytes) Embryo Comparison

TEC
Resources

 



Teacher Resources for Mammals

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
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ARMADILLOS
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Armadillo Art Project   Use a milk carton and a brown paper sack
 BATS
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Indiana Bats: An Endangered Species  157 pages 20 activities
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Bats  Bat Anatomy and adaptation.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Bat WebQuest   Print out and use this bat worksheet as you go to bat sites research information.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Echo the Bat   Read the story about Echo.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) What's Your Batting Average?: What Do You Know About Bats
 BEARS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Bear Fingerprints Worksheet
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Going on a Bear Hunt   There are eight kinds of bears found throughout the world.  You are going to select one kind of bear and learn all about it.  Use this worksheet for your answers.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Polar Bear Fact Sheet     A fact sheet lists important information without the use of paragraphs and long explanations.  Use the topics and the Web addresses at the bottom of the worksheet to create your own polar bear fact sheet.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Bears, Bears, Bears
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Bears in Trouble
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Giant Panda   Giant pandas are black and white bears that live in temperate-zone bamboo forests in central China. Among the best recognized—but rarest—animals in the world, they have come to symbolize endangered species and conservation efforts.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Grizzly Bear Facts   The brown bear (known as the grizzly in the Lower 48 states) is a large predator distinguished from black bears by a distinctive hump on the shoulders, a dished profile to the face, and long claws about the length of a human finger.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Polar Bear Facts
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Three Bear Face Off    Students play a game to familiarize themselves with the similarities and differences between three different kinds of bears.  Black, grizzly, and polar.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  What Makes a Bear a Bear?   Comparison of the Florida Panther and the Florida Black Bear.  Comparison of their skulls.  Bear skeleton.  Fact sheets on both.  Make a bear skull.
BEAVER
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Giant Beaver:Castorides
BUFFALO
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Bison Evolution
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Buffalo History
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Buffalo Stories   authentic stories
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Buy a Buffalo  $600
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Steppe Bison
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Steppe Bison 2
CAMEL
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) A-Z of Camels
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Camelops hesternus  Picture
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Western Camel
CHEETAH
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Cheetah Coloring Book
CHIMPANZEE
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Chimpanzee Fact Sheet
DEER
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Megaloceros "Irish Elk"    7 feet tall
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Megaloceros Fact File  Megaceros (=Megaloceros) giganteus (meaning "gigantic large horn"), is the prehistoric Irish elk (more closely related to the fallow deer than the elk). It was the biggest deer that ever lived; it was over 10 feet (3 m) tall and had enormous antlers 11 feet (3.3 m) across (the largest of any deer). These antlers were shed yearly. Megaceros dates from the late Pleistocene (from 1.5 million to 2,500 years ago). Large herds of these mammals lived in what is now Europe and western Asia. It was preyed upon by giant cats and wolves and it was hunted by early humans. Class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Cervidae.
DOGS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Evolution of the Dog 40 mya to present
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Virtual Dog  If you don't take care of this dog he doesn't die, he runs away
 ELEPHANT
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Elephant Panorama to cut out for a diorama or a picture project.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Elephant Anatomy   Internal organs of a female African elephant.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) All About Elephants
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Early Elephants Were Amphibious
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Elephant Evolution  50 mya to present
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Primelephus   The first elephant
GIRAFE
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Evolution of the Giraffe Neck via Sexual Selection
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) The Girafe's Short Neck
GORILLA
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) From the Teeth of the Dragon
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Gigantopethicus   Gigantopithecus was the largest primate that ever walked the Earth. He would have risen 9 to 10 feet high if he choose to stand up on only his hind legs, and probably weighed about 600 lbs
 GROUNDHOGS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Map Reading Use Map Questions and the official Groundhog Day Festivities Map to answer the questions.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Read a Table  Use the Groundhog Day Predictions table, a record of the history of Phil's predictions to answer Groundhog Predictions Table Questions.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Project Groundhog Day  Keep track of temperature and weather for 6 weeks after Groundhog's Day   Teacher Resources for Project   Student Weather Charts
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Groundhog's Day Activities
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Punxsutawney Phil's Story  The story offers many interesting details about the history of this world-renown, annual media event that each year draws thousands of people to Punxsutawney.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Groundhogs at Hoghaven
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Official Groudhog's Day Web Site
HORSE
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Dawn Horse
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Evolution of the Horse  Hyracotherium, Mesohippus, Merrychippus, Pliohippus, Equus
Religious disagreement with the evolution of the horse.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Hyracotherium  This small dog-sized animal represents the oldest known horse. Hyracotherium is better known as "eohippus" - which means "the dawn horse."   The name also refers to the fact that it lived during the Eocene.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Hyracotherium and other Fossil Horses  Clickable skull diagram
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Hyracotherium Facts First true horse.
KANGAROOS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ancient Kangaroo  Lived: 1,600,000 - 40,000 years ago (Pleistocene)
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Procoptodon goliah
 MAMMALS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Animal Report   Use this form as an aid to help you make a report on a mammal.  Be sure to include a picture of your mammal.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Animal Specific Vocabulary   What's the group called?  What is the name for the male or female?  What are their babies called?  Do some research and fill in the chart.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Mammal Orders  Choose the animal that doesn't belong with the other two and identify the order by description.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Mammals Order Chart  Print out the chart. Identify the order the animal belongs to.  List the characteristics or traits that put it in this group.  Name other members of the order.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  North Woods Mammal Coloring Book
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Animal Group Terms
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Mammal Information: Mr & Mrs Smith's Life Science   Our page about mammals.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Marine Mammal Pictures   Historic National Marine Fisheries.  Neat Old Pictures of Sea Lions, Sea Cows, Whales, and Seals
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Animal Information Database   If you need quick information and facts about animals, this Sea World site is the place to go!
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)  Ice Age Mammals During the last Ice Age, there were many large, interesting mammals, like the saber-toothed cats, giant ground sloths, mastodons, and mammoths.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Mammals of Aquatic Illinois  Illinois Department of Conservation site.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Mammilia   A University of Michigan web site.  Includes characteristics and list of orders of mammals.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  UCMP Hall of Mammals   Those hairy, milk-producing, warm-blooded animals that you have seen all of your life are mammals.  A University of California Museum of Paleontology  site.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Wild About Illinois Organisms and Ecosystems   Click on an animal to learn about it.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Wild About Mammals  Links to different mammals from the Illinois Department of Conservation site.
 MAMMOTH
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) How to Draw a Mammoth page 7
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Origin and Evolution of Mammoths
MANATEE
  crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Manatees and Dugoongs   Kids Only Coloring Book
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Manatee Lap Book
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Manatees an Educator's Guide   Manatees are found in shallow, slow-moving rivers, bays, estuaries, and coastal water ecosystems. They can live in fresh, brackish, or salt water. These habitats provide them with sheltered living and breeding areas, a steady, easily obtainable food supply, and warm water - all of which manatees need to survive.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fossil Sea Cow
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Introduction to Sirenia
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Manatee   13 feet and 3000 pounds.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Manatee Adaptations   At this web site you will discover how long a manatee can stay under water without taking a breath and how much time elapses between breaths when a manatee is resting.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Manatee: Trichechus manatus    Massive, torpedo-shaped, nearly hairless aquatic mammal.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Manatees   Sea Cows, Dugoongs, and Manatee information.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Order Sirenia
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  West Indian Manatee   Can you imagine how the skin of a manatee would feel? Why is keeping warm a big problem for these animals? Read this web page to discover the answer to these questions and learn many other interesting facts. This page includes graphics and a map showing where manatees live.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes West Indian Manatee    Why do you think manatees are sometimes called sea cows? How do manatees escape from danger? Why does it take so long for the manatee population to increase? Discover what happens to manatees in waters with temperatures less than 60 degrees. Look for answers to these and other questions on this web page.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  West Indian Manatee   Sirenian International
 MARSUPIALS
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Opossum   The opossum is North America's only marsupial.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Wallaroo   Large, stocky, powerfully-built rock kangaroo.  Wallaroos are distinguished from other kangaroos by their bare, black snout.
MOUNTAIN LIONS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Mountain Lions On the Move Description, Habits, Habitats, and Links
OREODONTS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) White Springs Oreodont Sheep-like animal in western US 35-25 mya
PIGS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Warthogs and some related species
PINNIPEDS
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes)  Seals, Sea Lions, and Walruses    Explore the natural history of seals, sea lions, and walruses.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Seals and Sea Lions
 PRIMATES
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Primate Key
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes African Primates    See and hear information on chimpanzees, gorillas, and monkeys.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Gorilla Foundation-Koko's Kid Club  Welcome to The Gorilla Foundation's web site made especially for kids! Here you will find all kinds of interesting facts about Koko and her pals - Michael and Ndume - and how you can help their gorilla friends who live in the wild.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Life of Mountain Gorillas  The two main species of gorillas are the eastern gorilla and the western gorilla.  The mountain gorilla is a subspecies of the eastern gorilla.  For more information about their lives , check out this site.
 QUIZZES & TESTS
  braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Wolf Test
RHINOCEROUS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Balucatherium   Gigantic hornless rhino  20-30 mya
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Indricotherium
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Indricotherium:   The Beast of Buluchistan
SKELETON
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Observing Vertebrate Skeletons 6 Page activity.  Use a human skeleton to label vertebrate skeletons
SLOTHS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Brown-Throated Three-Toed Sloth  Biogeography
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Giant Sloth  North Dakota 11,000 years ago
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Megathirium
TIGERS
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ancient Cats          Picture Poleiarius
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fossil Cats of Arizona
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Prehistoric Cats
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Tigers
TRACKS
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Discovering Dinosaurs    Note02.gif (247 bytes) Dinosaur Footprints  What Happened Here?
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Animals Don't Cover Their Tracks
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Forest Carnivore Track Guide
 WEBQUESTS
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Prisoner or Protected?  A web quest exploring the humanity of zoos.
 WOLVES
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)DOL Daily Oral Language for Wolves
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) What is the Value of Wolves Article about wolve reintroduction into Yellowstone Park
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Gray Wolves, Gray Matter  An OnLine learning environment where students examine real-world evidence and analyze current scientific controversies.  Bring in any of the projects that you complete.  You do have to register to participate in this class.  It's Fun!!!!  I tried it and I think you'll like it.  You will also find links to other OnLine Learning classes here.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Scientific Classification of Wolves
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Wolf Basics FAQ  How big are wolves?  How many pups do they have?  How many species are there?
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Wolf Facts
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Wolf Families
 Note02.gif (247 bytes)Wolves and Me  Scat pictures, Wolf Play  67 pages
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Wolves At Our Door Information on Gray, Red, and White (Arctic)   Teacher Resources   DOL
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Gray Wolf
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Gray Wolf Time Line  1630-2004
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Red Wolf Time Line  1768-2004
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Wolf Predation on Ungulates (Hoofed Mammals)  Each wolf in Minnesota eats 15-20 deer a year.

 

 

Student Extra Credit

 

star.gif - 2279 Bytes Mammal Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Animal Characteristics
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Animal Report   Use this form as an aid to help you make a report on a mammal.  Be sure to include a picture of your mammal.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Animals Scavenger Hunt   Use the links at this site to answer the questions.  Print out this worksheet for your answers.  Neat activity!
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Animal Specific Vocabulary   What's the group called?  What is the name for the male or female?  What are their babies called?  Do some research and fill in the chart.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Bat WebQuest   Print out and use this bat worksheet as you go to bat sites research information.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Going on a Bear Hunt   There are eight kinds of bears found throughout the world.  You are going to select one kind of bear and learn all about it.  Use this worksheet for your answers.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Mammal Orders  Choose the animal that doesn't belong with the other two and identify the order by description.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Mammals Order Chart  Print out the chart. Identify the order the animal belongs to.  List the characteristics or traits that put it in this group.  Name other members of the order.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Polar Bear Fact Sheet     A fact sheet lists important information without the use of paragraphs and long explanations.  Use the topics and the Web addresses at the bottom of the worksheet to create your own polar bear fact sheet.

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