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Unit 2 Diversity of Living Things
Chapter 11 Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles
Section 1 Chordates and Section 2 Fish



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Created   12/3/2002

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Previous: Echinoderms      Next: Amphibians

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit  

 

11-1 What Is a Vertebrate?
Characteristics of Chordates
Characteristics of Vertebrates
Keeping Conditions Stable

11-2 Fishes
  Characteristics of Fishes 
Jawless Fish
Cartilaginous Fishes
Bony Fishes

 

Day 1
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)
Fish Notebook
Day 10
filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes 
Eyewitness Video Sharks
braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Questions Sharks Eyewitness Video
Day 2
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Draw a Goldfish
readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 368-371
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) RSG 11-1 Vertebrates
Day 11
readme.gif - 802 Bytes 
 Read Sharks by Kira Freed 
   Complete Shark Questions
Day 3
checkmark.gif - 221 Bytes   Evaluate Fish Drawing
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Goldfish Drawing Labeling
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) RSG 11-2 Fish
Day 12
 
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Shark Internal & External Worksheet
Day 6
 filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes  Eyewitness Fish
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Eyewitness Video Questions FISH   
Day 14-15
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Goldfish Respiration Experiment Student Page

braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Goldfish Evaluation

Day 17
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Make A Fish
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Make A 3-D Fish
Day 7
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)
Internal Biological Drawing of a Fish

 

 

Day 1
Topic Fish Note Book
Objectives/ I can ...
Define what a chordate is.
Define notochord.
Name three chordate features.
Infer that the endoskeleton protects the organs of the body.
Identify a lancelet as a chordate.
Identify humans as Chordates.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Interview With Vertebrate Groups
How Fish Evolved  3:26
Tribute to Prehistoric Fish  4:05
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes)
Fish Notebook Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)
Make a 7-8 page booklet in the shape of a fish.
Kids will record notebook paper information in their fish books.


Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Topics
Cover-title and name
1. Chordates, Endoskeletons, Lancelet
2. Fish Characteristics & Fish Classes
3. Jawless Fish & Lamprey and Hagfish
4. Cartilaginous Fish
5. Bony Fish
6. Vocabulary

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  
Vocabulary
Chordate:
animals that a notochord at some time during their development
Notochord: strong, rodlike structures in Chordates that can bend

 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Chordate Characteristics

Notochord
Hollow nerve cord
Point out hole in cow's vertebrate
Paired gill slits
At some time during their development

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Endoskeleton Protection

Skull Brain
Ribs Lungs
Sternum Heart

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Lancelet

Keeps notochord, not replaced by backbone
Hollow nerve chord
Paired gill slits for life

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Comparing Vertebrate Skeletons  pages 17-20

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Vertebrate Classification page 6 List 3 characteristics for each vertebrate group.

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 
Chordate Characteristics
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Fish and Kids  32 page lesson w/worksheets on sustainable fishing.  Includes food chains and food webs.
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Journey North Creature Quiz   
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Student Answer Sheet
Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Journey North Answers

Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Vertebrate Skeleton Lab Use human skelton model to label a frog, a crocodile and a bird

 

Day 2
Topic  10-2 Fish
Objectives/ I can ...
Draw a goldfish.
Read for information.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Draw a Goldfish
Get a fish 
Use a magnifying glass and and draw what you see.

Draw as many characteristics as you can see.

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 368-371

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) RSG 11-1 Vertebrates

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Vertebrate Matching Assignment 
Resources
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Fish Anatomy PowerPoint

 

Day 3
Topic External Diagram of Goldfish         
Objectives/ I can ...
Discuss how fish are adapted for life in water.
Explore how the shape of a fish helps it move.
Label the external parts of a fish.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Literacy Standards in Science
Intermediate Vocabulary: Word Analysis
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  
Vocabulary
Ectotherm
: animal whose body temperature changes with its environment; cold-blooded
Gill: organ that absorbs dissolved oxygen from water
Swim Bladder:
organ of a fish that allows the fish to remain at a specific depth in the water
Cartilage: tough, flexible connective tissue

1. Write cartilaginous on the board.
2. Explain the word is an adjective formed from the word cartilage.
3. Many words are formed this way.
4. Examples: parasite-parasetic
     The lamprey is a parasite. It feeds on other fish.
      The parasetic lamprey feeds on other fish.

 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   Fish Characteristics

Fins
Cold-blooded
Gills
Scales

Fish Characteristics  7:42 
Fish: Animals With Backbones

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Fish ppt

checkmark.gif - 221 Bytes   Evaluate Fish Drawing. 

1. 10 pts         Mouth
2. 10 pts   Eye
3. 10 pts   Gill Slit/ Gill Cover/ Operculum
4. 10 pts   Dorsal Fin
5. 10 pts   Lateral Line
6. 10 pts   Anal Fin
7. 10 pts   Pelvic Fin
8. 10 pts   Pectoral Fin
9. 10 pts   Nostril
10. 10 pts   Scales
11. 10 pts   Spines in Dorsal Fin
Extra Credit
  5 pts   Barbel, Flap of skin near nostrils
  5 pts   Body waste
Total Points    

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Goldfish Drawing Labeling

Using scientific drawing directions  and label the fish.
Use Fish Classification and External Anatomy
Use your textbook.
Label the external appendages of the fish.
Add any body part picture that was missing.
Use the rubric for labels and diagraming rules. 
Do not write on this rubric. You will need it tomorrow.

Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fish External View

TEC
Resources
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Cold-blooded Bananas
 Make observations of the insides of bananas that are placed in different temperatures to explore the concept of cold blooded.

 

Day 4
Topic  Characteristics of fish
Objectives/ I can ...
Identify the external characteristics of fish.
Use a rubric to evaluate fish diagrams.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
checkmark.gif - 221 Bytes
  Evaluate External View of Fish
Use the rubric handed out yesterday, pass back, and record grades.

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 372-380

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) RSG 11-2 Fish

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Fishes Science Explorer page 317
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Depth Adjustment by Fishes Science Explorer page 318
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic  Live Fish Observation
Objectives/ I can ...
Observe a live fish.
Determine the respiration rate of a goldfish.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
13.A.1c  Explain how knowledge can be gained by careful observation.
Classwork-Homework
 
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes    Live Fish Observation

Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Design a Fish  Information on body shape, fin function, mouth size and location.

TEC
Resources
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Observing Fish Behavior  reference pages for lab

 

Day 6
Topic  Fish Eyewitness Video
Objectives/ I can ...
Evaluate knowledge of fish using a video quiz.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
13.A.1c  Explain how knowledge can be gained by careful observation.
Classwork-Homework
 
filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes  Eyewitness Fish  

braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Eyewitness Video Questions FISH

braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes  Quiz on external view tomorrow.
TEC
Resources

 

Day 7
Topic  Internal view of a fish.
Objectives/ I can ...
Evaluate knowledge of external view of fish.
Color the organs of the internal view of a fish.
Label a diagram.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
13.A.1c  Explain how knowledge can be gained by careful observation.
Literacy Standards in Science
Vocabulary: Use Visuals
Classwork-Homework
 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  
Pass out rubric for internal view of fish and go over.

 braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes  Quiz on external view of fish.

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes   1. Use Figure 12 page 379 to understand section concepts.
           2. Point to each structure in the diagram and say the name.
           3.  Then explain the function of the structure.

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Work on Internal View of Fish

Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fish Internal View

TEC
Resources

 

Day 8
Topic  Internal Drawing of Fish
Objectives/ I can ... 
Identify the Internal characteristics of fish.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
13.A.1c  Explain how knowledge can be gained by careful observation.
Classwork-Homework 

 
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Finish Internal Biological Drawing of a Fish

star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Extra Credit Fish Word Search.
TEC
Resources

 

Day 9
Topic  Jawless fish.
Objectives/ I can ...
Name the three classes of fish.
Name a fish from each class of fish.

Name the internal organs of a fish.
Evaluate a biological drawing using a rubric.
Name two Jawless fish.
List the characteristics of Jawless fish.
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
evaluate.gif - 179 Bytes  Evaluate internal view of fish using rubric .
Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  3 Classes of Fish
Jawless Lamprey
Cartilaginous Shark
Bony Goldfish, trout

 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   Jawless Fish: Agnatha

Most primitive
Long and snakelike
No scales, slimy skin 
No paired fins
Skeleton made of cartilage
Suction-cup mouth
Only Jawless Fish: Lamprey & Hagfish

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Show class adult lamprey specimen.                                      
 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   LAMPREY
Lamprey.bmp (22254 bytes)

Found in freshwater and saltwater
Mucus on skin is poisonous
Sucks out a fish's internal organs, body fluids, and blood
Lay their eggs in streams
Young 1 cm burrow in mud and stay there for several years
Move into open water
Problem in Great Lakes
Entered Great lakes through the St Lawrence Seaway
Lamprey went after lake trout.
Annual catch
1945-2,542,500 kg
1954-180 kg
Controlled by poisons in larval streams
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Smelly Traps for Lampreys

  Sea Lamprey: Invasive Species  4:18
  Invading Species Awareness  2:05
  Sea Lamprey Egg  :30


Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)
HAGFISH

Live only in the ocean 
Can be either sex; male one year, female the next
Slime from pores on side of body
Eat only dead fish
4-6 tentacles surround nostrils and mouth

   Eddie and the Hagfish  5:50
   Hagfish at La Jolla  1:12
   Hagfish Eating  1:18

TEC
Resources
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Picture of early Jawless fish
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Sea Lamprey

 

Day
Topic  TEC Fish Dissection
Objectives/ I can ...
Name external and internal parts of a fish and identify their functions.
Explain how fish are specially designed for their environment.
Contrast and compare a fish's body parts to a human's.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
TEC
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes
  Perch Dissection
Resources
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Getting Into a Fish   Name external and internal parts of a fish and identify their functions. I used these directions for  fish dissection for the first time.  I used small perch and it worked out well.  
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Mexican Gray Perch Dissection

 

Day 10
Topic  Sharks
Objectives/ I can ...
Introduction to sharks
Name three cartilaginous fish.
List characteristics of cartilaginous fish
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)
   Cartilaginous Fish: Chondrichthyes

Sharks
Rays
Skates
Sawfish
Chimaeras

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)   Cartilaginous Fish Characteristics

Skeletons made of cartilage
Most have toothlike scales covering body
2nd Dorsal Fin

 
Top 5 Shark Facts  1:50
Basic Shark Facts  3:49
Top 50 Best Sharks  4:30
Stingrays  2:12
Blue Spotted Stingray  1:48
Giant Freshwater Stingray  :53
Largest Stingray on Record  :43
California Skate :08
Sawfish  :37
Sharks and Sawfish  4:08
Chimera: Ghost Shark  2:03

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
Shark Trunk Reference Book
 
star.gif - 2279 BytesShark Coloring Page   Color the picture and identify the sharks by writing their names on the back.  Can you find their scientific names?  From the Monterey Bay Aquarium.
filmreel.gif - 313 Bytes  Eyewitness Video Sharks 
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Questions Sharks Eyewitness Video

 

Day 11
Topic  Sharks
Objectives/ I can ...
Read about sharks.
Read for information.
Label a shark.
List shark products.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Angel Shark  :38
Basking Shark  4:12
Blue Shark: Blue World  9:30
Bull Sharks  2:53
Cookiecutter Shark   2:30
Frilled Shark  :42
Galapagos Shark  2:17
Goblin Shark  :28 
Great White Shark  2:29
Greenland Shark  :37
Hammerhead  1:26
Hammerhead Sharks: Blue World  9:30

 readme.gif - 802 Bytes 
 Read Sharks by Kira Freed  
Print out the book and make copies for kids.
 
 Complete Shark Questions

bookpages.gif (1592 bytes)  Science Weekly: Sharks Level E 5-6 
4 Pages Information
Vocabulary "mer"
Weekly Problem: Shark Length
Weekly Lab: Scents
Puzzle: Sharks
Shark Survival game

bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Science Weekly: Sharks Level F 7-8
Has taxonomy key for sharks

TEC
Resources
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes 
Shark Puzzle

 

Day 12
Topic  Shark Diagrams
Objectives/ I can ...
Use a dichotomous key to identify sharks
Identify sharks by common name.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Lemon Sharks  2:43
Leopard Sharks  1:08
Mako Shark' Speed  2:26
Megalodon  2:42
Megaladon: Is the King of the Carnivores Extinct?  5:33
Megamouth  2:17
Nurse Shark  1:50
Sand Tiger Shark: Blue World  9:42
Six Gilled Shark  1:18
Thresher Shark: Blue World  9:30
Tiger Sharks Vs Turtle  3:49
Whale Shark  2:07
Wobbegong 3:09
Wobbegong Strike :37
Rarely Seen Sharks  1:42
Shark Live Birth  :26

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  
Shark Information 
              
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes   Catching a shark story.

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Shark Internal & External Worksheet
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Shark Internal and External Diagram

star.gif (2279 bytes)Shark ID
Based on Name That Fish a shark family name activity.
Found at Sea World for Teachers
I use common names of sharks instead of family names.
TEC
Resources
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Shark Key from Florida Museum of Natural History

 

Day 13
Topic Bony Fish information.
Objective/ I can ...
Name three bony fish.
List the characteristics of bony fish.
List examples of Osteichthyes (Bony fish).                                                             
State Goals
12.A.1b  Categorize living organisms using a variety of observable features.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Phylum Chordata: Class Osteichthyes  6:03

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Bony Fish Characteristics

Skeleton made of hard bones.
Paired fins.
Swim bladders.

Osteichthyes Rap  2:19
 

Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Bony Fish: Osteichthyes

Catfish Electric eel
650 volts
Flounder
eye moves
Coelacanth
70 million
Goldfish Perch Mud skippers African lungfish
Lantern fish Salmon Trout Tuna

 Paperpencil.gif (4347 bytes)  Bony Fish Groups

Lobe-finned
fish
Known only as fossils until 1938.
The Coelacanth found in Africa.
Has paddle-like fins with a fleshy base.
Lungfish Have internal lungs
Gas exchange between air and the blood.
Only a few species are known.
Ray-finned
fish
Fins are supported by stiff rays or spines.
All other bony fish are in this group.
Saltwater and freshwater.


LOBE-FINNED FISH
COELACANTH
Coelacanth  1:30
Coelacanth: John Mcosker  1:00
Origin and the Diversity of the Coelacanth part 1  5:31
Origin and the Diversity of the Coelacanth part 2  3:11


LUNGFISH
Lungfish  3:04
Yellow Lungfish  5:52
Queensland Lungfish: David Attenborough  1:53


BONY FISH
Alligator Gar  1:30

ANGELFISH
Angel Fish: Freshwater  1:02
Angel Fish: Saltwater  2:58
Emperor Angelfish  1:19

Clownfish  1:27
Electric Eel  1:12

FLOUNDER
Flounder  1:21
Flounder: Peacock  3:00
Flounder on the Ocean Bottom  :16
Flounder: Right Eye  :18

Giant Catfish  1:13
Gulper Eel  2:17
Halibut  1:02
Hatchet Fish: Male and Female  1:07
John Dory  :30
Lake Sturgeon  2:25
Lantern Fish  1:30
Lionfish Eating  :22
Menacing Musky  1:28
Mola Mola: The Ocean Sunfish  1:23

MORAY EEL
Moray Eel  :32
Moray Eel vs. an Octopus  1:39

Pike Eats a Trout  :31
 
PIRANHAS
Piranhas  2:54
Piranhas: When They Attack  2:52

Puffer Fish  :40
Rainbow Trout  :53
Red Snapper  3:16
River Walleye  2:16
 
SALMON
Salmon Life Cycle  5:28
Salmon Spawning  1:00
Salmon Long Live Salmon  2:00

Scorpion Fish  1:89
Scorpion Fish Eating  1:01

SEA HORSES
Sea Horse  1:37
Sea Horse Giving Birth  5:23

Swordfish  5:00

TUNA
Tuna: Ironmen of Tuna Fishing  10:09
Tuna: World's Largest Tuna Fishing Vessel  1:47  

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 A Salmon's Life Cycle
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
 Bony Fish Information
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Fish Information

 

Day 14
Topic  Goldfish Respiration Experiment
Objective/ I can ...
Use a thermometer.
Compare the respiration rate of goldfish at different temperatures.
Record data, observations, and compile data.
State Goals
13.B.1a
Explain the use of common scientific instruments.
11.A.3a 
Formulate hypotheses that can be tested by collecting data.
11.A.3b  Conduct scientific experiments that control all but one variable.
11.A.2c  Construct charts and visualizations to display data.
11.A.3d  Explain the existence of unexpected results in a data set.
11.A.2d  Use data to produce reasonable explanations..
11.A.3f  Interpret and represent results of analysis to produce findings.
11.A.2e  Report and display the results of individual and group investigations.           
Classwork-Homework
Goldfish an Introduction  3:23
Goldfish  2:07
 
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fish Respiration Information 

Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Fishbowl.gif - 494 Bytes 
Goldfish Respiration Experiment Student Page

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Goldfish Respiration Directions

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Graph your fish at different temperatures

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fish Respiration Diagram of gill

 

Day 15
Topic  Goldfish Respiration 
Objectives/ I can ...
Analyze data from an experiment.
State Goals
11.A.3f
  Interpret and represent results of analysis to produce findings.
11.A.2e Report and display the results of individual and group investigations.
Classwork-Homework
World's Biggest Goldfish  :55

 Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Create Goldfish Respiration Class Chart 

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Compute the class average and graph the class average.

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Write Procedure on back of page 1

TEC
Resources

 

Day 16
Topic  Goldfish Respiration 
Objectives/ I can ...
Complete scientific investigation
State Goals
11.A.2e
Report and display the results of individual and group investigations.
Classwork-Homework
Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Put papers of experiment in correct order

 
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Goldfish Respiration Experiment Questions

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes   Make an A-Z Chart of Cartilaginous and Bony fish.
TEC
Resources

 

Day 17
Topic  Make a Fish Day 1
Objectives/ I can ...
Research a fish.
Analyze the structure and function of fish mouths and caudal fins.
Write a report about a fish.
Create a model of your fish.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
 
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Make A Fish
1. I use  Enchanted Learning Fish for information.
2. Students choose a fish and get picture and the information.
3. HW Find any information about your fish and bring to class.                                 
4. Use Make A Fish to record information to questions.
5. Prepare a report to read to the class about your fish.
Fish Report Modeling Page


Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Put reference material on board
Mouths and caudal fins. 
Body Shape
Adaptations


Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Put the directions on the board, projector, or give kids a copy.

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) Design a Fish  Information on body shape, fin function, mouth size and location.

crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Make A 3-D Fish

TEC
Resources
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes
State Fish Art Project

 

Day 18
Topic  Make a Fish Day Day 2
Objectives/ I can ...
Draw a fish
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  
Finish: Make A Fish
TEC
Resources

 

Day 19
Topic  Fish Report
Objectives/ I can ...
To speak in front of class.
Learn facts about different fish.
State Goals
12.A.1a  Identify and describe the component parts of living things and their major functions.
Classwork-Homework
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes
 Tell class about your fish
TEC
Resources


Previous: Echinoderms      Next: Amphibians


Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)_Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT     Video

ANIMALS
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Animal Brochure
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Animal Coloring Book National Geographic
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Animal Group Names  A brood of hens, a company of parrots.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Learn About Zoo Animals Albatross to zebra
AQUARIUMS
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)Setting Up a Classroom Aquarium
BONY FISH
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes A Salmon's Life Cycle
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Bony Fish Anatomy and Physiology   Sea World Info Book.  Information on the skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular, digestive, and respiratory systems of bony fish
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Bony Fish Classification   The scientific classification of Osteichthyes.
  Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Bony Fish Information
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Gray's Reef Fish Species List   Gray's Reef is one of the largest near shore live-bottom reefs of the southeastern United States. The sanctuary is located 32 kilometers (17.5 nautical miles) off Sapelo Island, Georgia and encompasses 58 square kilometers (17 sq. nautical miles) of live-bottom habitat.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Bony Fish Senses   Information on hearing, eyesight, taste, smell, and electrorception
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Coelacanth The Fish Out of Time   A 400 million year old "living fossil," swims on. Pre-dating the dinosaurs by millions of years and once thought to have gone extinct with them 65 million years ago, the Coelacanth was "discovered" alive and well in 1938
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fish Information   A good site with lots of information
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Moray Eel   Student created on-line report about the Moray Eel
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Queensland Lungfish   Unlike most lungfish the Queensland has only one lung
CHORDATES
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Chordate Characteristics 
DISSECTION
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Getting Into a Fish
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Mexican Gray Perch Dissection
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Perch Dissection  Questions and drawings to create and label.
EVOLUTION OF FISH
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Early Ostracoderms   Picture and scale diagram
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Fish Evolution The first fishes, and indeed the first vertebrates, were the ostracoderms, which appeared in the Cambrian Period, about 510 million years ago, and became extinct at the end of the Devonian, about 350 million years ago.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ostracoderm: The First Vertebrates
FINDING NEMO
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Finding Nemo Worksheet #1  Easier
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Finding Nemo Worksheet #2 Harder
FISH
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Anatomy of a Fish 
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Eyewitness Video Questions FISH
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Fish in the Seine  Lewis and Clark story and fish ID
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Name that Fish  Use key to identify families and label the pictures.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Fish Art Lesson
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Live Fish Observation
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Make A Fish
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fish Diseases 
FISHING
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fisheries Historical Information   The Nation's first Federal conservation agency, initiated in 1871, was devoted to the protection, study, management, and restoration of fish. This agency was the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, which was usually just called the Fish Commission.
FISH RESPIRATION
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes  Goldfish Respiration Experiment
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fish Respiration   An excellent description of respiration in fish, including the anatomy of the fish gills, and countercurrent flow.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  How Do Fish Breathe?   How in the heck can a fish, which is underwater, breathe if there is no air?
 JAWLESS FISH: AGNATHA:  Lampreys & Hagfish
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Picture of early Jawless Fish
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Sea Lamprey
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hagfish   Hagfish have not changed for the last couple of million of years
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hagfishes   Chordate biology: Phylum: Chordta Class Agnatha.  This site has more information on hagfish than any other site.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hyperoartia   Lampreys are anadromous or fresh water, eel-shaped Go ogle fishes. They can be readily recognized by the large, rounded sucker which surrounds their mouth and by their single "nostril" on the top of their head.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Introduction to Petromyzomtiformes    There are 50 species of lamprey found in temperate rivers and costal seas.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Lamprey    Introduced into the Great lakes in 1829, the lamprey is a parasite that  attaches itself  to other fish.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Sea Lamprey Fish Tank    Photos and images of lampreys.  Click on a thumbnail to enlarge.
KEYS & GUIDES
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Classification Key of Freshwater Bony Fish   A good on-line key with orders and common names included.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fish of Aquatic Illinois    Information and pictures of largemouth bass, channel catfish, blue gill, sturgeon, and muskie.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fossil Shark Teeth      Note02.gif (247 bytes)  Recent Shark Teeth
MEGALADON
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Carcharodon versus Carcharocles: What's in a Name?
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Could Megaladon Looked Liked a Big Sand Shark?
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Does Megaladon Still Live?
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Extinction of Megaladon
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Megaladon: Enchanted Learning
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Origin of Megaladon
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Reconstructing Megaladon
ON LINE LEARNING
Biology of Sharks and Rays   From Nova Southeastern University Oceanographic Center    This course requires registration and it does cost.
PADDLEFISH
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Snagging Paddlefish Information  Conduct a Web search to research questions about basic paddlefish biology and ecology. After answering the questions, students will use the collected information to write and present a report that includes a title page with an image of a paddlefish and a bibliography.
SALMON
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Salmon Page   Dedicated to all things salmon: How to catch them, cook them, buy them and save them.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Sock-Eye Salmon Life Cycle
SHARKS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Sharks by Kira Freed Read the book and complete Shark Questions
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Sharks Baltimore National Aquarium
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) How to Draw Sharks
 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Slideshow: Chondrichthyes
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Primitive Sharks
  Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Shark Classification
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Shark Clip-Art   14 shark pictures
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Shark Information
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Sharks: Science Weekly
  Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  All About Sharks   General information on sharks, information on shark species, shark attacks, shark stories, the real jaws, and diving with sharks.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Earliest Sharks: Devonian   Ancient Sharks     Golden Age of Sharks   Origin of Modern Sharks: Jurassic
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fiona's Shark Mania    Shark news, shark art, shark graphics, true stories about sharks, shark clip-art, shark links, and sharks in literature.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Search for Ancient Sharks   A Live Quest by the American Museum of Natural History.  View the Prehistoric Shark Gallery and Tour the Ancient Seas and learn about creatures that lived during the Devonian period -- some 350 million years ago -- at about the same time as Pucapampella, the mysterious little shark that scientists are looking for in the Falklands.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Shark Week 2000   Try the Shark Quiz.  Learn about a shark's life.  Go looking for the Basking shark.  Visit the 3-D shark tank and read shark stories.  A Discovery Channel site.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Sharks    The National Aquarium in Baltimore's site for sharks.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Summer of the Shark   Why can't we be friends?  A horrific attack raises old fears, but new research is revealing surprising keys about shark behavior.  Times news article with links to shark topics.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Zoom Sharks    An Enchanted Learning site with information all about sharks, shark anatomy, shark info sheets, shark printouts,  shark classification, shark orders, and shark species.  This is your first stop to learn about sharks.
STINGRAYS
 Zoom Rays    An Enchanted learning site with information on ray size, body shape, varieties, skeleton, diet and hunting, intelligence, habitat, swimming, defense, reproduction, and classification.
TROUT
BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Trout in the Classroom Unit


Student Extra Credit

   star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Animal PowerPoint  Create a PowerPoint presentation to demonstrate their knowledge about the adaptations of an animal. They will report on this animal's habitat, its predators and prey, and its adaptations to its environment.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Coral Reef Fish Coloring Page    Color the picture correctly and identify the coral reef fish by writing their names on the back.  Can you find their scientific names?  From the Monterey Bay Aquarium.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Fish Questions, Chart, and Graph   Tough Assignment.  You have to research the answers.  Neat graph on water depth and number of fish eggs hatched.  Print out the four pages and give it a try.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes How Many Salmon?   Many hazards stand between a salmon egg and adulthood. Sometimes these hazards are natural, and sometimes they come from people. To learn more about the risky life of a salmon, complete this story by filling in the blanks.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Leafy Sea Dragon Coloring Page   Color the picture and locate information about this fish.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Missouri River Adopt-A-Fish   You'll be tracking your adopted fish throughout the spring as they make their annual spawning runs up the Missouri.  We'll update their positions once a week and give you insights on some of the things that biologists noticed about their movements.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Moray Eel Coloring page   Color the picture and locate information about eels.  Write at least ten facts about eels on the back of your picture.
 Salmon Graph  Graph the population of coho salmon from 1971-2000
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Shark & Fish Coloring Diagram comparison Marine Biology Coloring Book
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Shark Coloring Page   Color the picture and identify the sharks by writing their names on the back.  Can you find their scientific names?  From the Monterey Bay Aquarium.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Shark Puzzle
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Shark Week 2000 OnLine Crossword Puzzle   A difficult crossword puzzle about sharks similar to one you would find in a newspaper.  Do it on line and print it out.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Where in the World Scavenger Hunt   Use the World Map to record where the animals live.

 

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