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Unit 1 Cells and Heredity
Chapter 6 Changes Over Time


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Created    12/3/2002    

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Previous: Modern Genetics          Next: Darwin

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit


6-1 Darwin's Theory
Darwin's Observations
Galapagos Organisms
Evolution
Natural Selection
6-2 Evidence of Evolution
Interpreting the Evidence
Inferring Species Relationships
How Do New Species Form?
6-3 The Fossil Record
How Do Fossils Form?
Determining a Fossil's Age
What Do Fossils Reveal: Geologic Time
Unanswered Questions


Day 1
BILL NYE: EVOLUTION IN ACTION
Day 7
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes When Crocodiles Ruled
Day 2
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Reading Study Guide 6-1 Darwin's Theory
Day 9-10
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Timeline: Important Events in My Life
Day 3
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Survival of the Fittest
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Classroom Camouflage
Day 11
 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  What Came First
Day 5
Pencil.gif (434 bytes) RSG 6-2 Evidence of Evolution
Day 13
crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Changing Times
Day 6
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)RSG 6-3 The Fossil Record
Day 20
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Rock Detective Questions

 

Day 1
Topic 6-1 Evolution
Objectives/ I can...
Define evolution, mutation, and adaptation.
Explain how organisms change because of adaptations and mutations.
Identify organisms that have changed due to adaptations and mutations.
Use fossils to identify geological eras.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.
Common Core MS-LS3-1
Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Evolution:
Process by which organisms change over time
Mutation: Change in a gene
Adaptation: Trait that helps an organism in its environment

Evolution in Action  5:48

BILL NYE: EVOLUTION IN ACTION
Evolution in Action  1/5  8:45
Evolution in Action  2/5  9:22
Evolution in Action  3/5  9:29
Evolution in Action  4/5  8:02
Evolution in Action  5/5  9:24

TEC
Resources


Day 2
Topic 6-1 Evolution
Objectives/ I can...
Define evolution, mutation, and adaptation.
Explain how organisms change because of adaptations and mutations.
Identify organisms that have changed due to adaptations and mutations.
Use fossils to identify geological eras.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS3-1
Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.
Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Evolution:
Process by which organisms change over time
Mutation: Change in a gene
Adaptation: Trait that helps an organism in its environment

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 172-179

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Reading Study Guide 6-1 Darwin's Theory

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Two Theories of Evolution Science Explorer page 369
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Evolution Notes from the Biology Corner
 Computer.bmp (3254 bytes) Evolution 101
camera.GIF (174 bytes) Glyptodon  Fossil

Facts of Evolution  51:19 total
Facts of Evolution chapter 1 of 6 9:21
Facts of Evolution chapter 2 of 6  7:39
Facts of Evolution chapter 3 of 6  9:03
Facts of Evolution chapter 4 of 6  9:48
Facts of Evolution chapter 5 of 6  7:26
Facts of Evolution chapter 6 of 6  8:02

 

Day 3
Topic 6-1 Natural Selection
Objectives/ I can...
Identify evidence that shows organisms have changed throughout the earth's history.
Understand how fossils are used to support the theory of evolution.
Describe the Earth's past using the fossil record.
Describe the ways in which the environment affects natural selection.
Observe the relationship of climate to life on earth.
Analyze possible causes and results of mass extinctions.
Explain what mass extinctions are and when they occur.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and locations into, embryology, the fossil locations into, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.5  Analyze the processes involved in naturally occurring short-term and long-term Earth events (e.g., floods, ice ages, temperature, sea-level fluctuations.

Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Common Core MS-LS4-4
Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Extinction: disappearance of all members of a species

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Five Elements of Natural Selection
             Over reproduction
             Struggle for Existence
             Variation
             Survival of the Fittest
             Evolution of New Species

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Evolution, Darwin, and Natrural Selection

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Vestigial structures:
                      Horse: Toes
                      Whale: Legs

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Similar Structures, Different Functions:
                       Lion and Dog: Foreleg
                       Bat: Wing
                       Dolphin and Whale: Flipper

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Similar Structures, Different Functions:
                       Lion and Dog: Foreleg
                       Bat: Wing
                       Dolphin and Whale: Flipper

Natural Selection Made Easy  8:38

 
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Survival of the Fittest

Punch out 100's of   circles of Red, Yellow Pink, , Brown, Black and Green construction paper. These are the "bugs".

Mix them up and scatter them in a outside area. Use a 30' X 30' area. I have it outside my window so kids can see.

Send one or two kids to go outside and gather as many "bugs" as they can in 2-3 minutes. They are the predators.

Bring them back in and count and record on a chart the number and color of the "bugs".
Have kids make "hypotheses" as to why the numbers are the way they are.
Kids should realize that the green, brown, and black are more camouflaged and more of them will survive.

 
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Classroom Camouflage
Create a camouflaged moth, hide it in the room and if it survives you will be rewarded 100 points.

TEC
 
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Charles Darwin: Introduction to Evolution  |
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Theory of Natural Selection
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Peppered Moth Graph
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Peppered Moth

 

Day 4
Topic   Adaptation Investigation
Objectives/ I can...
Students will learn and describe how different types of bird beaks have adapted to feed on different foods within a specific habitat.
Student will learn that birds with beaks that are better adapted will have a better rate of survival. Students will learn how the finches of the Galapagos are an example of evolutionary processes.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS1-4
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively

Common Core MS-LS4-4
Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

National Standards
5-8: Content Standard A: Science as Inquiry
5-8: Content Standard C: Populations and ecosystems
5-8: Content Standard C: Diversity and adaptations of organisms
5-8: Content Standard D: Structure of the Earth System, Earth History
5-8: Content Standard F: Populations, resources, and environments
Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)Darwin's Finches
Need tweezers, probes (toothpicks, chop sticks, spoons, straws, pliers
Use Rice, Sun Flower Seeds, Marbles, Marshmallows
TEC
Resources

 

Day 5
Topic  6-2 Evidence of Evolution
Objectives/ I can...
Describe evidence that is used to support the theory of evolution.
Observe how horses have changed through time.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and physiology, embryology, the fossil record, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Common Core MS-LS4-3
Analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy.
Common Core MS-LS4-4
Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Theory: Evidence for Evolution:
                    Fossil, Biological, Genetic
                
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Vestigial structures:
                      Horse: Toes
                      Whale: Legs

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Similar Structures, Different Functions:
                       Lion and Dog: Foreleg
                       Bat: Wing
                       Dolphin and Whale: Flipper
        
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Similarities in Development:
                      Fish, Chicken, Rabbit, Human Embryos 

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Comparing Genes

Horse Evolution  7:04
  Elephant Evolution 3:58
Manatee Evolution  6:41
Embryology: Proof of Evolution Part 4  9:10
filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Continental Drift

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Evidence of Evolution   Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Notes

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 182-187

Pencil.gif (434 bytes) RSG 6-2 Evidence of Evolution

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Evidence for Evolution
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
Evolution Lecture Notes
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Timeline of Evolution Scientists
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Whales Evolutionary Tale
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Whales and Oysters
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Vestigial Structures Human Cat Whale Bat Full Size Image
According to the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the horse became extinct on the North American continent around 8000 BC.
Spanish explorers reintroduced horses to North American in the 1500s. 
Use Globe:Fearon picture 4-9 page 102.  Prentice:Hall 25-6 p.638
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Similar Structures Fish fin and Amphibian foreleg bones
Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Wells and Haeckel Embryos
braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Science Portfolio for 10 Assignments

 

Day 6
Topic 6-3 How do Fossils Form?
Objectives/ I can...
Explain how different kinds of fossils are formed
Define fossils.
Name the kind of rock most fossils are found in.
State Goals
12.E.3a
  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)
12.E.4b 
Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.
Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Fossil:
Remains or traces of once-living organisms.

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Kinds of Fossils

Dinosaur footprints in mud

Mammoth frozen in ice

Insect trapped and preserved in amber

Most: Remains of hard parts of organisms, such as bones, teeth, and shells.

How Fossils Are Formed  2:39

How Fossils Are Formed  2:57

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 189-197

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)RSG 6-3 The Fossil Record

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Choose Your Own Fossil Adventure  Note02.gif (247 bytes) Lesson Plan

 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes star.gif (2279 bytes) Rock Cycle - Past Life p.6    Plesiosaurus and Ichthyosaurus

TEC
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Evolution of Horses Science Explorer page 387
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes
Dinosaur Tracks
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes Rock Cycle - Past Life p.3-5
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fossil Lab  Use a trilobite, brachiopod, pelecypod, horn coral, blastoid, shark’s tooth, gastropod, cephalopod, sea urchin or starfish
star.gif (2279 bytes) Fossil Crossword Puzzle

 

Day 7
Topic  6-3   Geologic time
Objectives/ I can...
Describe how scientists use the geologic time scale.
Define relative age.
Describe patterns in the fossil record.
Model how scientists analyze the fossil record.
State Goals
12.E.2b
  Describe and explain short-term and long-term interactions of the Earth's components (e.g., earthquakes, types of erosion).
12.E.3a  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)
12.E.4b  Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.
Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Classwork-Homework

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Formation of Bermuda  Drawings from 110 mya to today.

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Who's On First: A Relative Dating Activity 
1.  Nonsense syllables cards 
Explain how letters match up to different horizon levels

2.  View fossil pictures of ancient animals

3.  Earth fossil layer pictures 
Picture M on bottom  Match fossils as you work up
Levels spell ORGANISM

4. Cross out every fossil that has a double. 
The 5 fossils that are left are index fossils used to help determine the age of a fossil.

 star.gif (2279 bytes) Dating Methods    Pencil.gif (1165 bytes)Worksheet   Note02.gif (247 bytes) Reference page

TEC
Resources
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes 
Albuquerque's Environmental Story  Just like Denver Albuquerque, New Mexico, has an interesting history.

 

Day 8
Topic   When the Crocodiles Ruled: Simulate a fossil dig.
Objectives/ I can...
Create a map of a fossil site that describes ancient conditions.
Describe how the environment of a fossil site has changed over time.
Explain how inferences about the Earth's history are made.
Describe how the evidence of fossils and types of rock are used to infer ancient conditions.
Determine the problems involved in interpreting fossil data.
Predict where a certain type of life form can be found.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.3a  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)
12.E.4b 
Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.

Common Core MS-LS2-4
Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

Classwork-Homework
Lecture.gif (2227 bytes)  What If They Just Keep On Digging 
Note02.gif (247 bytes)  When the Crocodiles Ruled  Mapping a fossil site. 
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes When Crocodiles Ruled
TEC
Resources

 

Day 9
Topic Fossil Exploration 
Objectives/ I can...
Understand the basics of fossil formation.
Grasp the importance of fossils to scientists.
Identify at least six important fossils and understand some of their basic anatomy.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.A.3c 
Compare and contrast how different forms and structures reflect different functions
12.E.3a  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)

Common Core MS-LS2-1
Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
Common Core MS-LS2-2
Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
Common Core MS-LS2-3
Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and
non-living parts of an ecosystem.
Common Core MS-LS2-4
Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

Classwork-Homework
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fossil Kit I 
T
akes students on an interactive journey into the fascinating world of fossil exploration and identification. 
Activity from Skulldugery. 
Use these fossils: Cave Bear (Tooth), Crinoid, Allosaurus (Claw), Trilobite, Ammonite, Saber-tooth Tiger (Tooth).  
Reference page and chart.
TEC
Resources

 

Day 10
Topic  6-3 Geologic Time:  Time Line of Your Life
Objectives/ I can...
Define life cycle.
Identify the stages of the life cycle of organisms.
State Goals
12.A.2a 
Describe simple life cycles of plants and animals and the similarities and differences in their offspring.

Common Core MS-LS2-1
Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Discuss Life Cycle  Just put the bold words on board and have kids fill in life cycles.

Butterfly Egg, Larva, Pupa, Adult
Frog Egg, Tadpole, Frog
Humans

Baby, Infant, Preschooler, Grade Schooler, Middle Schooler, High Schooler,
College Student, Adult, Parent, Grandparent, Senior Citizen, Old Person

Grasshopper Egg, Nymph, Adult

 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  Important Events in My Life

1950 Born in Moline
1968 Graduated Moline High School
1971 Drafted into the Army
1972 1st new car, Toyota Corolla, $1700
1974 Discharged out of Army
1977 Graduated from college, ISU
1978 Teaching Job
1979 Bought first house, $39,900
1980 3 Homeruns in one game
1981 Daughter born
1987 Married
1988 Son born
1991 Daughter born
1993 Car Accident
1995 Masters Degree, WIU
1997 New House, $209,000
2004 Dad died
2004 First grandchild born, Anna
2005 Mom moved to retirement village
2007 2nd Grandchild born Tori
2008 3rd Grandchild born, Peyton
2008 Mom in nursing center
2009 Mom died
2009 New Truck $32,000

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  My Life  Make a list of the important events in your life

TEC
Resources

 

Day 11
Topic  Time Line of Life
Objectives/ I can...
Create a time line of important events in your life.
Create icons to match the vent.
State Goals
12.A.2a 
Describe simple life cycles of plants and animals and the similarities and differences in their offspring.

Common Core MS-LS4-2 
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

Classwork-Homework
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes 
Time Line 
Use 11 x 17 paper to create a time line of their life.  Use 1" per year.

1. Draw a line across your page
2. Starting from the left side measure and mark intervals of one inch
3. Label each line Born...199?...199?..etc up to their age.
4. Neatly record you important events on your time line.
5. Put a title on your time line.
6. Illustrate event(s) of your life in open spaces.
                           -or-
Create icons that will identify with your event.
      Hospital: Red Cross or Broken Bone
      Born:  baby face
      School: School house or books
TEC
Resources

 

Day 12
Topic   6-3 Fossils, Unicellular & Multicellular Organisms, Mass Extinctions
Objectives/ I can...
Students will become familiar with events in the Earth's history and how they relate to one another.
Create a human time line of earth history events.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.3a  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)
12.E.4b 
Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.
Common Core MS-LS2-1
Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.
Common Core MS-LS2-2 
Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.
Common Core MS-LS2-3
Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and
non-living parts of an ecosystem.
Common Core MS-LS2-4
Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.
Classwork-Homework
 
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes  What Came First  
1.  Have 8 x 12 construction paper with different events in Earth's history listed.
2.  Keep record of event and bya and mya (Billion years ago and million years ago)
3.  Have kids line up one at a time in the order they think the events happened.
4.  Put events (kids in correct order)

 Lecture.gif (2227 bytes) Geologic Time Comparisons

TEC
Resources

 

Day 13
Topic  6-3 Geologic Eras: Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Cenozoic
Objectives/ I can...
Name the three time divisions in the geologic time scale.
Describe how the climate and landscape in North America have changed over time.
Name three prehistoric animals and describe their habitat.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.B.1a 
Describe and compare characteristics of living things in relationship to their environments.
12.E.3a  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)
12.E.4b  Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.

Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2 
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board

Geologic Time Scale

Cenozoic: Age of Mammals  65 mya - today

Mesozoic: Age of Dinosaurs   225-65 mys

Paleozoic: Age of Ancient Life  550 mya- 265 mya

Life During the Paleozoic Era  3:05
Life in Mesozoic Times  3:02
The Last Ice Age: 120000 Years Ago  1:07

Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes Changing Times  
Naturescope: Geology: The Active Earth pages 45, 46, and 53
                
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Changing Times Pictures

1

Color the background scenes of ancient Wyoming.

2 Color the mammoth, triceratops, trilobites.
3

Cut the pictures out.

4

Glue the animal picture on the correct habitat picture.

5 Cut the three habitat pictures out. 
6 Glue the three pictures near left edge of 8 x 12 construction paper.
7 Add Labels above each picture.
                        Cenozoic Era 65 mya - today
                        Mesozoic era 265mya - 65 mya
                        Paleozoic Era  550 mya- 265 mya
8

Use Geologic Time Line to list 5 events for each era. Put events in order.

9 List facts to right of picture.
10 Put a title at the top.
11 Write your name at the bottom.

  CHANGING TIMES ANIMALS
 Trilobites Trust  3:43
 Triceratops Tribute  4:19
 Mammoth  1:45
 Prehistoric Mammoth Discovered  1:33

MAMMOTH JOURNEY: WALKING WITH BEASTS  link doesn't work use search at YouTube to find
Mammoth Journey Part 1  9:53
Mammoth Journey Part 2  9:54
Mammoth Journey Part 3  8:56

star.gif (2279 bytes) Fossils and Geologic Time Crossword Puzzle

TEC

Resources
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Trilobite Drawing

SciTrilobitebw.bmp (68554 bytes)

   SciTrilobiteDiagram.bmp (172770 bytes)

 filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Life History     Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Notes
Note02.gif (247 bytes) The History of Life

 

Day 14
Topic  6-3 Time Line of Geologic Time
Objectives/ I can...
Name the three eras that the history of life on earth is divided into.
Name examples of life forms that lived in each era.
Students will become familiar with events in the Earth's history and how they relate to one another.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.4b 
Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.

MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

Classwork-Homework
 
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Geologic Time Line Book       
Create a classroom Time Line Book. Each student will be assigned or choose an event of Earth history.  On 8 X 12 paper each student will use the date in time as a title and create a poster of the event. The posters will be assembled in order and a classroom Earth History book will be created.  The books may be copied and given to each student.  Additional events may be chosen for extra credit.  A cover for the book can also be created.
TEC
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes
  Geologic Time Line Poster   
Each student will be assigned or choose an event of Earth history.  Use11 x 18 paper and create an earth history event poster.  Additional events may be chosen for extra credit.  Make a mark on a wall every 10" and make a small line. You will need 25.5 yards.  Counting by 50 million years, label each line:  50 mya, 100 mya, 150 mya, 200 mya and so on.  Stop at 4600 mya which would be 4.6 Billion years ago.  Have students stand under date in timeline or display posters on the wall.
Resources
"Camels often sit down carefully. Perhaps their joints creak. Possibly, early oiling might prevent painful rheumatism".
Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) How the Great Lakes Were Formed

 

Day 15
Topic  6-3 Geologic Time Lines
Objectives/ I can...
Sequence events in Earth history.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.4b 
Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.

MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

Classwork-Homework
crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Geologic Time Line Book Finish

                                 -or-
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  A Fossil Time Line 
Create a fossil range chart for ammonites and their relatives in the Class Cephalapoda, which includes modern species such as octopuses, squids, cuttlefish, and nautilus. You will then use the information in the chart to determine the age of particular rocks and to predict which rock might contain oil.

Note02.gif (247 bytes) Introduction to Earth History
         Geologic Time Line page 17
         Index Fossils page 26

 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Index Fossils

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Ammonites and their Relatives
          Ammonite Drawing                      Ammonite Picture
          Belemnite Fossil                          Belemnite Drawing
          Ceratites Fossils                         Ceratite Picture
          Nautiloid Shells                          Nautiloid Picture
          Octopod Picture                          Fossil Octopus
          Teuthids Fossils and Pictures
          Orthocone Fossil
          Goniatite Drawing                       Goniatite Fossils

TEC
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes
  Geologic Time Line Poster Finish
Resources
Page 1 Time Lines Graphics
Page 2 Time Lines Graphics
Page 3 Time Lines Graphics
Page 4 Time Lines Graphics
Page 5 Time Lines Graphics
Page 6 Time Lines Graphics

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Mass Extinctions     Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Notes

 

Day 16
Topic  6-3 Human Evolution
Objectives/ I can...
Compare Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon species.
Create a map of hominid migration.
Use a migration map to answer questions.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2 
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Anthropology:
science that deals with the study of human beings

NEXT OF KIN: WALKING WITH BEASTS Episode 4
Next of Kin Part 1  9:48
Next of Kin Part 2  9:46
Next of Kin Part 3  8:59

Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Hominid Species

Chalkboard.gif (3590 bytes) Hominid Skulls  
 
Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes     Pre-historic Man  
Chart comparison of Neanderthal and Cro-Magnon   people.

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Hominid Migration
Hand out Hominid Fossil Data and the World Map
Use a different color to locate the fossils for the four hominids.
Answer Hominid Migration Questions.

JOURNEY TO 10000 B.C.: History Channel
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 1  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 2  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 3  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 4  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 5  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 6  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 7  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 8  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 9  9:00
Journey to 10000 B.C. Part 10  9:00

TEC
readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall The Path to Modern Humans pp.643-644
Resources

 

Day 17
Topic Hominids
Objectives/ I can...
List hominids.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.

Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2 
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

Classwork-Homework
Human Evolution and Missing Links  9:47


Links
Homo Sapien Sapien                     195,000 ya
Homo sapien neanderthalensis        230,000 - 30,000 ya
Homo sapien                                 500,000 ya
Homo antecessor                           780,000 ya
Homo ergaster
Homo erectus                               1.8 mya - 300,00 ya
Homo georgicus                            1.8 mya
Homo habilis                                 2.4 - 1.5 mya
Australopithecus robustus           2 - 1.5 mya
Australopithecus aethiopicus       2.6 - 2.3 mya
Australopithecus africanus          3 - 2 mya
Kenyanthropus platyops                3.5 mya
Australopithecus afarensis           3.9 - 3 mya
Australopithecus anamensis          4.2 3.9 mya
Ardipithecus ramidus                    5.8 - 4.4 mya
Orrorin tugenensis                       6 mya
Sahelanthropus tchadensis             7 - 6 mya                       

TEC
Resources

 

Day 18
Topic 6-3 Comparison of human and ape chromosomes
Objectives/ I can...
Describe, measure and compare cranial casts from contemporary apes (chimpanzees and gorillas, typically), modern humans and fossil "hominids" (erect and bipedal forms evolutionarily separated from apes).
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2 
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Classwork-Homework
WALKING WITH CAVEMEN
Walking With Cavemen Part 1 First Ancestors   9:16
Walking With Cavemen Part 2 First Ancestors  9:43
Walking With Cavemen Part 3 Fisrt Ancestors  10:13

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)
Becoming Human 

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Hominid Skulls   Pictures of skulls

Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Human Evolution
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Chronology Lab Create a time line of hominids.

Note02.gif (247 bytes) New Information  Diagram to Make Timeline

 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Skull and Artifact Handout   Use after determining timeline of fossils

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 
Early hominoid pictures.
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Hominids Through Time Comparison of hominoid skeletons and a gorilla.

 

Day 18
Topic 6-3 Primate Bipedalsim
Objectives/ I can...
Identify key anatomical similarities and differences between the great apes and humans.
Infer likely anatomical features in ancient human ancestors.
List principal anatomical changes in primates necessary for adaptation to fully bipedal locomotion.
Sequence particular anatomical features in hominids as part of a series of broader evolutionary trends.
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy, embryology, fossils, genetics, and biochemistry.
Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Classwork-Homework
Earth.gif (6650 bytes)
Primate Bipedalism
TEC
Resources

 

Day 20
Topic  Rock Detectives
Objectives/ I can...
Describe how fossils can reveal information about the past.
Use clues to solve fossil brain teasers
State Goals
12.A.4c 
Describe processes by which organisms change over time using evidence from comparative anatomy and hominoid, embryology, the fossil hominoid, genetics, and biochemistry.
12.E.4b  Describe how rock sequences and fossil remains are used to interpret the age and changes in the Earth.
12.E.5  Analyze the processes involved in naturally occurring short-term and long-term Earth events (e.g., floods, ice ages, temperature, sea-level fluctuations.
Common Core MS-LS4-1
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.
Common Core MS-LS4-2
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.
Classwork-Homework
 Lecture.gif - 2227 Bytes 
Rock Detectives
Naturescope: Geology: The Active Earth pages50-52, 55-57
             Pass out page 55, occurring page, and go over it.
             Pass out page 57 and read through the clues.
             Pass out Rock Layers page 56

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Rock Detective Questions
TEC
Resources

 

Day Fit into computer lab schedule
Topic Internet
Objectives/ I can...
Identify key anatomical similarities and differences between the great apes and humans.
Infer likely anatomical features in ancient human ancestors.
List principal anatomical changes in primates necessary for adaptation to fully bipedal locomotion.
Sequence particular anatomical features in hominids as part of a series of broader evolutionary trends.
State Goals
12.E.3a
  Analyze and explain large-scale dynamic forces, events and processes that effect the Earth's land, water and atmospheric systems. (e.g., jet stream, hurricanes, plate tectonics)

Common Core MS-LS3-1
Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.

Classwork-Homework
Earth.gif (6650 bytes)
Becoming Human 
Building Bodies   
Put an ape and human skeleton together
Calculating Cousins Put living things in order by age
Chromosome Connection Match ape and human chromosomes

Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Castle Rock Pueblo: A Trip Through Time  An ancient village located in the heart of Mesa Verde.

SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes)Tour Through Time  Neat site. Use as a powerpointlike presentation.

TEC
Resources

Previous: Modern Genetics          Next: Darwin

 


TEACHER RESOURCES

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes)  Labs         crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes) Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources    
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips     Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Books, Keys, Guides    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit      filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT     Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)SmartBoard

ADAPTATION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes How Are Seals Adapted to Their Environment    Students will create posters.
Use the Note Taking Guide with the Adaptation Cards
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Design-a-Saur  Design and assemble a dinosaur. pages 32-35
AMBER
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Amber In Nature
AMMONITE
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Rise and Fall of the Ammonites
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Ammonite Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Ammonite Coloring Page
BERINGIA
Beringia Quest: Ancient Mammals
BONE WARS
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Elasmosarus Puzzle
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Biographies of Leidy, Cope, Marsh
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Edward Drinker Cope
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Othniel Marsh
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Paleontologist Views of Elasmosaurus
 Pencil.gif - 434 BytesWhich End is the Tail
CAMBRIAN TIME
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes)What Did the Cambrian Look Like?
 CENOZOIC ERA
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Cenozoic Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Introduction to the Cenozoic  65 million years ago to the present. Good description of the change in land masses.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Introduction to the Cenozoic Era  
 CHICXULUB CRATER
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Chicxulub Crater Location Map
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Chicxulub Crater Impact Animation
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Mystery of the Chicxulub Crater
 CLADIOGRAMS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Making Cladiograms
CONVERGENGE
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Convergence: Marsupials and Placentals  Marsupials and Placental Mammals in Australia and North America
 CRETACEOUS PERIOD
 Earth.gif - 6650 BytesCretaceous Period  Major events.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Cretaceous Period   Major events of the cretaceous Period 135-63 million years ago. Has pictures.
 DINOSAURS
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park  
The goal of the exhibit, "The Dinosaurs of Jurassic Park", is to clarify between fact and fiction.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Dinosaur Floor   You're on the Dinosaur Floor of the museum.  Meet the dinosaurs by visiting any of the rooms.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Dinosaur Safari   Take a dinosaur safari through all of the Unnatural Museum's dinosaur related pages.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fighting Dinos    About 80 mya the Velociraptor was digging its claw in the Protoceratop's neck.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Scholastic's Dinosaur Site   A great place to start!  Check out the activities!!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Virtual Dinosaur Dig   Receive a grant from Shale University and you're off on a virtual dig.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Zoom Dinosaur Printouts    Neat coloring sheets about the dinosaurs.
 ELEPHANT SEAL EVOLUTION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Discovering Northern Elephant Seals  Elephant Seal Evolution Lesson Plan  5 page newspaper with questions.
 EMBRYOS
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Comparative Embryology: The Vertebrate Body
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Frog Embryo Development Study Guide
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Haeckel's Embryo Drawings
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Morphing Embryos  Human, Pig, Chicken, Fish
 EVOLUTION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Evolution of Cartoon Fossils
 Pencil.gif - 434 BytesEvolutionary Mapping Project   Research scientists' birth and death dates and their contribution.
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Evolution Timeline
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Birdland Darwin's evolutionary theory and the "survival of the fittest"
 bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Evolution and the Fossil Record
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Interpreting Evidence: An Approach to Teaching Human Evolution in the classroom
 Note02.gif - 247 BytesEvolution: Its Effect Throughout Geologic Time and the Controversy
 Note02.gif - 247 BytesEvolution Lecture Notes
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Evolution Notes
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Principles of Evolution
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Evolution: Its Effect Throughout Geological Time and the Controversy   
See how organisms have changed in different time periods.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Understanding Evolution: The Arthropod Story 
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Time Line of Evolutionary Thought  Notable people who have contributed to evolutionary thought.
EXTINCTION
Note02.gif (247 bytes)  Climate TimeLine
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Mass Extinctions Chart
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Mystery of the Chicxulub Crater
Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Precambrian Time
 FIELD TRIPS
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Geology Along Chicago's Michigan Avenue
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Petrified Forest
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Tour Through Time  Neat site. Use as a powerpointlike presentation.
 FOSSILS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Determining the Age of Fossil Rocks
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Examining the Fossil Record 
Analyze characteristics of fossils, compare placements of fossils and determine relative ages.
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Fossil Crossword Use How Fossils Are Made for Answers
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Fossils in Time   67 page unit
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Fossils on the Internet LAB    OnLine activity to learn more about fossils.
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)  What If They Just Keep On Digging   History of Saskatchewan
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Where the Hippos Roam   Mapping a fossil site. Directions and Location of Fossil Teeth   Use 1 cm graph paper
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Interpreting an Ancient Puzzle  Reconstruct earth's geological past.
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes)   Succession of Life  cut, glue, and paste fossils from different geologic periods and then answer questions.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fossil Kit I 
Use these fossils: Cave Bear (Tooth), Crinoid, Allosaurus (Claw), Trilobite, Ammonite, Saber-tooth Tiger (Tooth).
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Fossil Coloring Pages   Here you will find coloring pages of fossils and scenes from various geologic time periods.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  The Great Fossil Find Reconstruct these fossil skeleton pictures Pakicetus Skeleton  or S. crassirostris
Use  Skeletal Resource Manual  as a reference.
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Geology Along Chicago's Michigan Avenue
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fossil Finds In the Los Angeles Subway
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Fossil Identification Workbook   Information about different kinds of fossils.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Fossil Succession  Animals and Plants and the Period
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Fossils From California Geological Survey
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Index Fossils Chart  Keyed to the relative time scale are examples of index fossils.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Bones of a 10-Foot Mastodon Unearthed The most complete mastodon skeleton ever found on the West Coast.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Bone Up on your Fossils   An OLOGY site.  View the fossils and identify the animal.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fossil Formation
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Illinois Sate Fossil-Tullimonstrum gregarium  Tully monster lived 300 million years ago.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Welcome to Dry Creek Bed  Study life in Montana 60-70 million years ago.
 GEOLOGIC HISTORY
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  A Fossil Time Line  Create a fossil range chart for ammonites and their relatives in the Class Cephalapoda.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Forever and a Day  U on register tape.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Paleo U
 readme.gif (1442 bytes) Paleontology Notes      Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Questions
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Sequencing Time
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Time Line Directions and Pictures 
Extra Credit: 
Page 1 Time Lines Graphics   Page 2 Time Lines Graphics    Page 3 Time Lines Graphics
Page 4 Time Lines Graphics   Page 5 Time Lines Graphics    Page 6 Time Lines Graphics
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  What Came First  Students sequence actual events in the evolution of life on Earth.
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Who's On First: A Relative Dating Activity
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Bermuda Today: Who Were Its Geological Ancestors  Using clay the kids model the island's history. 
Formation of Bermuda 2 pages that show Bermuda 110 mya to today.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Geologic Time Line Book
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Geologic Time Line Poster
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Geologic Ages of Earth History
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Geological Eras and Organisms  Bar graph from shells to humans.
 Note02.gif - 247 BytesGeologic TimeLine
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Origin of Life
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Precambrian Time
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Rockman's Geologic Time Chart  A representation of current consensus about geologic time.
 SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes)Tour Through Time  Neat site. Use as a powerpointlike presentation.
 Earth.gif - 6650 BytesAlbuquerque's Environmental Story   View this pictorial of Albuquerque Area Geology.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ancient Life and Geologic History  Earth Science standards web site.
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Build Illinois- The Last 500 Million Years
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Cambrian Period  543 to 490 million years ago
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Color-Coded Continents  COOL SITE!!!  View the Earth's land masses from 620 million years ago to the present.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Geologic Time Composite Section   Different layers of sediment in the same vicinity of Four Corners.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Grand Canyon Geological Rock Layers    Learning the names of the geological layers in the Grand Canyon.
 Earth.gif - 6650 BytesHistory of the Universe U
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Illinois by Time Period
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Maps of Ancient Earth  510 mya to 50 mya
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Midwest: 16,000 Years Ago  Learn about the Midwest environment and the causes of the last Ice Age
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Ice Age Mammals  
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Web Geological Time Machine  Great reference also!
GEOLOGY
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Basics of Geology
GONDWANA
 BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Evolving Planet Map with fossils.  Cut out and put together
 HORSE EVOLUTION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Horsing Around With Evolution
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Horse Evolution   The modern view of evolution within the horse family.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Legacy of the Horse  A chronological history of humans and their relationship with the horse.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Origin of the Horse   Evolution, migration and reintroduction of the horse to North America.
 HUMAN EVOLUTION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Chronology Lab: Directions & Data   Use Timeline Chart for Answers Time Line #2    Time Line #3
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Hominid Migration Hand out Hominid Fossil Data and the World Map
Use a different color to locate the fossils for the four hominids. Answer Hominid Migration Questions
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Primate Bipedalism  Interpret hominid tracks, construct an Austaliopethicus afareniss skeleton     
Go to Learning Center ......Lesson Plans
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Prominent Hominid Fossils  List of 19 hominids with pictures and descriptions.  GREAT SITE!!
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hominid and Gorilla Skeleton
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  A Walk Through Human Evolution  
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Dawn of Man: One Giant Step for Mankind   A chimp like forest creature walked 5.8 million years ago.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Early Hominoid Pictures.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Fossil Hominids: The Evidence for Human Evolution   Study of human evolution and fossil evidence.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hominid Fossil Sites  Color coded maps.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Hominids Through Time Comparison of hominoid skeletons and a gorilla
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Human Evolution Chart  Chart shows the major pieces of that puzzle arranged in a likely solution. 
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Lucy: Fossil Hominid  Lucy was an adult female of Australopithecus afarensis.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Mural of Primate Evolution    50 million years of primate evolution from the American Museum of Natural History.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Prehistoric Man  Comparison between Neandertal and Cro-Magnon People
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Primate-like Mammals: Diversity in the Treetops   Early Paleocene primates.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes The Human Lineage: Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Homo sapiens, Neanderthals, and Cro-Magnons 
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Tour of the Hominid Fossil Record  Compare the size and shape of  hominid fossils.
ICE AGE
IconMap.jpg (1203 bytes) Ice Age Maps
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Ice Age Mammals of Illinois
Saber Cat, Ground Sloth, Stag Moose, Woodland Musk Ox, Mastodon, Bison antiquus, Wooly Mammoth
 KEYS, GUIDES & CHECKLISTS
 bookpages.gif - 1592 Bytes Field Guide to the Fossils at Smoky Hill Kansas
 LAW OF SUPERPOSITION
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes How Old Are the Layers?
MAMMALS
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Evolution of Mammals
 MASS EXTINCTIONS
 Note02.gif - 247 BytesMass Extinctions Underway List of published articles stating we are in an extinction right now.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  What Killed the Dinosaurs
 MESOZOIC ERA
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Mezosic Book Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Introduction to the Mesozoic Era 248 to 68 million years ago
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Introduction to the Mesozoic Era
 MUSEUMS
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Neandertal Museum
 NATURAL SELECTION
 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Peppered Moth Paper and Pencil Simulation  Analyze how color affects and organism's ability to survive in certain environments.
 Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Peppered Moth On Line Simulation  Observe how species can change over time.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Classroom Camouflage: Natural Selection for Beginners  Kids use moth cut out and color to blend in the classroom. 
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Survival of the Sneakiest  Comic strip of a cricket as he tries to find a mate.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Moth-eaten Darwinism   A disproven textbook case of natural selection refuses to die. 
 NEANDERTAL
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  What Is This?  Article about Neandertal.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes   Neanderthals: A Cyber Perspective  Neanderthals were the ancestors that nobody wanted.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Neanderthals Survived Later than Thought   Dating of bones changes picture of humans in Europe. An ABCNews site.
 PALEONTOLOGY
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Curriculum and Activity Guide to Mammoth Cave National Park  84 pages
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Mary Anning Biography
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Mary Anning, Finder of Fossils
 Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Paleo Portal
 PALEOZOIC ERA
 crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Paleozoic Booklet  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Paleozoic Era 543 to 248 million years ago
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Paleozoic Era    It began with a population explosion and ended with mass extinction.
PLATE TECTONICS
 Pencil.gif (434 bytes) Plate Tectonics 6 Page Activity
 Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Plate Tectonics Jeopardy
 PRECAMBRIAN PERIOD
 Earth.gif - 6650 BytesDivisions of the Precambrian Time
 PRIMATES
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Primate Classification
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  African Primates  Chimpanzee, Mountain Gorilla, Red Colbus Monkey, and others.
 RADIOMETRIC DATING
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Half Life Chart
 REPTILES
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Reptiles of the Ancient Seas  Ichthyosaur.
SABERTOOTHED TIGER
Saber Tooth: Walking With Beasts Episode 5   Part 1/3   Part 2/3     Part 3/3 
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Sabertoothed Cat California State Fossil
TEMPERATURE
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Temperature  History of temperature.  Pictures of animals from different eras and periods.
 TRILOBITES
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes Trilobite Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 crayon0a.gif - 328 Bytes  Trilobite Mask Art project made out of paper plates.
 Note02.gif (247 bytes) Trilobite-An Early Inhabitant of Illinois  History, pictures, and diagrams.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Trilobite Species Picture
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Trilobites at the Falls of the Ohio   
 WEBQUESTS
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Evidence for Evolution WebQuest  Investigate a variety of evidence.
 WHALE EVOLUTION
  Whale Evolution
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes  Whales in Transition
 Note02.gif - 247 BytesWhales Evolutionary Tale
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  The Thewissen Lab  Student of Phillip Gingrich. Found complete fossil of ambulocetus in Pakistan.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes  Whale Evolutionary Link  Whales are related to Artiodactlya, the family of even-toed ungulates



STUDENT EXTRA CREDIT


 star.gif - 2279 BytesExtra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  A Journey Through Time  Choose a time frame and discover 50 scientific developments and historical events. Use adding machine tape to create your hippopotami.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Ammonite Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Aquatic Ape Theory  Complete an investigation on the Aquatic Ape theory.  Print out the worksheet, go to the sites to investigate the theory, and decide whether you agree with it.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Cenozoic Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes    Chronology Lab   Use the Time Line to locate the range of existence for early hominids.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Clam, Fish, and Insect Fossil Graph   Use the actual data from an experiment.  Graph the data and answer the questions.  Were the scientists correct in their thinking the area was ocean?
 star.gif (2279 bytes)Darwin and Natural Selection
To find the links related to Darwin type in the keyword SCN-0351.
Then use the links to complete the following activity.    

Imagine that you were aboard the HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin as he explored the Galapagos Islands.
1. Draw a map of the islands.
2. Label the names of the islands.
3. List the different organisms Darwin found on each island.
4. Make a key for each organism and put the symbol where the organism was found.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesDarwin's Dilemma  In a tragic gardening accident, all of the journals kept by Charles Darwin throughout his famous voyage have been destroyed! It's up to you to piece back together his life, voyage, and discoveries.  Only through your well kept log books will the rest of the world be able study the life and times of Charles Darwin, oh yeah! The fate of democracy rests upon your shoulders! GOOD LUCK!
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Diet and Primate Evolution Many characteristics of modern primates, including our own species, derive from an early ancestor's practice of taking most of its food from the tropical canopy. Interesting research on the relationship between diet & primate evolution. Download questions by clicking here.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Dinosaur Data Cards   Click on a dinosaur and print out a fact card.  A Museum of Natural History site. Gather 10 cards and sort them into two groups and show them to me.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Evolution Scientist Biography and Timeline   Use the Scientist Biography Card Sheet to record information about evolutionary scientists.  You can then use that information to make an Evolution Evolution.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesEvolution vs. Creation   Today, you will be discovering Darwin's Theory of Evolution as well as exploring the theory of Creation as it is put forth in Genesis. Use the links to help you answer the questions. Look around in all the sites. Explore each one fully. Be sure to write complete answers on your worksheet.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesEvolution WebQuest  You are a scientist. On a trip to Africa, you meet a paleontologist who heartily believes in the aquatic ape theory.  Complete the following activities and record your answers on the worksheet provided.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Evolution Evolution   Use the diagrams to determine how australopithecines evolved.  You must answer the three questions correctly.
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Fossil Crossword Puzzle
 star.gif (2279 bytes) Fossils and Geologic Time Crossword Puzzle
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Hominid Web Quest    Print out the chart and the questions.  Use the links to complete both.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesInnovative Inventions Dates  Find out what year these inventions were invented.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesJourney Through Time   During this project, you will research a specific time frame to discover major scientific developments and historical events. Using the information from your research, your group will create a time line.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Locating Bodies of Water page 4 & 5  Use the world map and identify these bodies of water.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Mapping the Sea Floor page 3 Use echolocation data to map the sea floor from Cape Cod to Gibraltor
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Mezosic Book Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Nendertal Worksheet  Answer the questions by visiting three web sites
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Pack the Truck  You are in charge of packing the truck for a fossil hunting expedition.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Paleozoic Booklet  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Radioactive Dating Problems   These are hard. Hint:  The half-life of Carbon-14 is 5730 years
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Sex and the Single Guppy  The purpose of this activity is to analyze how guppy populations change over time. The simulation activity allows you to start with a pool of guppies and your choice of predators, you will be able to watch what happens to your guppy population and how the introduction of predators can affect the guppy's appearance. Watch the simulation and answer the questions.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesStories From the Fossil Record   Choose one of the four sections to learn about what fossils can teach us. Use the Evidence Chart to gather information. Try the Post Test to see how much you learned.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Trilobite Book  Make a book.  Captions for pictures are given.  Students draw pictures to go with pictures.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Trilobite Cookies   Follow the directions, make the cookies, and bring them as a treat to class.
 star.gif - 2279 BytesUse Life Has a History Worksheet to explore the Life has a History Web Site
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes  Whale Ocean Diorama
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Zoom Dinosaur Crossword Puzzle    Print it out and solve it.

 

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