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Unit 1 Cells and Heredity
Chapter 3 Cell Processes and Energy


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Created 7/8/2003

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Previous: Discovery and Looking Inside Cells          Next: Genetics: The Science of Heredity  

Teacher Resources     Student Extra Credit

3-1 Chemical Compounds in Cells
Elements and Compounds
Carbohydrates
Lipids
Proteins
Nucleic Acids

3-2 The Cell in Its Environment
Diffusion
Osmosis
Active Transport

3-3 Photosynthesis
Sources of Energy
The Two Stages of Photosynthesis

3-4 Respiration
What is Respiration?
Fermentation

3-5 Cell Division
Stage 1: Interphase
Stage 2: Mitosis
Stage 3: Cytokinesis
Structure and Replication of DNA

 

Day 2
Demonstrations
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Diffusion Lab;
Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Honey, I Shrunk the Carrots
Day 5
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Mitosis: Making an Identical Cell
Day 6
braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Onion Cell Drawing
Day 3
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes 
Photosynthesis
 

 

Day 1
Topic 3-1 Chemical Compounds in Cells
Objectives / I can
Define elements and compounds.
State Goals
12.A.3a Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.

Common Core MS-LS1-7
Develop a model to describe how food is rearranged through chemical reactions forming new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as this matter moves through an organism.

Classwork-Homework
readme.gif (1442 bytes)Prentice Hall 74-78

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 173-175   # 1-17

TEC
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Periodic Table of the Elements
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Names of Elements and Compounds

 

Day 2
Topic 3-2 Diffusion and Osmosis
Objectives / I can
Describe how materials can move in and out of cells.
Investigate cellular structures and functions.
State Goals
11.A.3f Interpret and represent results of analysis to produce findings.
11.A.3g Report and display the process and results of a scientific investigation.

Common Core MS-LS1-2
Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways parts of cells contribute to their function.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Diffusion
: movement of molecules from crowded areas to uncrowded areas
Osmosis: movement of water through a membrane
Active Transport: movement of materials through membrane using energy
Passive Transport: movement of materials through a membrane without the use of energy

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes) Structure and Function of the Cell Membrane     Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Student Notes

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 80-85

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 182-183  #1-9

 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Diffusion Demonstration

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Diffusion Demonstration Student Page

Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Honey, I Shrunk the Carrots    Demonstration                                              

TEC
readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 3-3 Cell Processes pp.81-88
Resources
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Passive Transport
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Active Transport

 

Day 3
Topic 3-3 Photosynthesis
Objectives / I can
Explain the importance photosynthesis in plants.
Name the food green plants make.
Write the equation for photosynthesis.
State Goals
12.A.3a Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.

Common Core MS-LS1-6
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Autotroph:
organism that can make its own food 
Photosynthesis: process that makes sugar or glucose for plants                         
Chlorophyll: green material that is needed for photosynthesis
Chloroplast: organelle in plant cell that contains chlorophyll
Heterotroph: organism that cannot make its own food
Energy: the ability to do work or cause change
Glucose:
a simple type of sugar

Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Photosynthesis
       Sunlight + Water + Carbon dioxide --------> Oxygen + Sugar

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes) On the Board
Cellular Respiration
             Glucose + Oxygen -----> Water + Energy + Carbon dioxide

filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)Photosynthesis    Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Student Notes
      
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Photosynthesis Formula
             One page fill in the blank. Chemical equation.

 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Photosynthesis

TEC
Resources
 camera.GIF - 174 Bytes
Photosynthesis Diagram
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes 

 

Day 4
Topic  3-4 Respiration and Fermentation
Objectives/ I can
Describe the events that occur during respiration.
Tell what fermentation is.
State Goals
12.A.3a Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.

Common Core MS-LS1-7
Develop a model to describe how food is rearranged through chemical reactions forming new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as this matter moves through an organism.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Fermentation: process by which a cell releases energy from food without using oxygen

readme.gif (1442 bytes) Prentice Hall 91-94

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 195-197  #  1-14
TEC
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes
History of Fermentation Science Explorer page 199 
Resources
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fermentation of Apple Cider

 

Day 5
Topic 3-5 Cell Division
Objectives/ I can
Describe how cells reproduce.
State Goals
12.A.3a Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.

Common Core MS-LS1-5
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of an organism.
Common Core
MS-LS3-2
Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.

Classwork-Homework
Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Cell Cycle:
Regular sequence of growth and division that cells undergo.
Replication: Making an exact copy of DNA
Chromosomes: cell parts that determine what traits a living thing will have
Chromatin:
threadlike material that makes up chromosomes
Mitosis:
division of the nucleus
Daughter Cell:
new cell produced by cell division

 Chalkboard.bmp (15654 bytes)
On the Board
Label stages of Mitosis
Have drawing on board of mitosiscamera.GIF (174 bytes)GF 2-29 p.56   camera.GIF (174 bytes)PH 3-25 p.90
                Interphase
            Mitosis
                Prophase
                Metaphase
                Anaphase
                Telophase
                Cytokinesis

readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 95-102

Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Science Explorer pages 202-202  # 1-15

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Animal Cell Mitosis Movie

Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Medakafish Developmental Cell

Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Mitosis: Making an Identical Cell:     
Prentice Hall Resource has a page also. 

TEC
readme.gif (802 bytes) Prentice Hall 3-4 Cell Growth and Division  pp.88-91
Resources
Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Mitosis Cell Cycle
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Mitosis Notes   ScienceSpot Activity
Note02.gif (247 bytes) Mitosis Song When the Cell Divides In Two

 

Day 6
Topic Mitosis
Objectives/ I can
Identify the phases of mitosis.
State Goals
12.A.3a Explain how cells function as "building blocks" of organisms and describe the requirements for cells to live.
Common Core MS-LS3-2 Heredity - Mitosis - Pastuer-  Meiosis - Punett Squares
Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.
Classwork-Homework
 
braininjar.gif - 1615 Bytes Identify the Phases of Mitosis Onion Cell Drawing
          Allow use of homework as their reference.
TEC
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes 
Cell Book Project   Library Research
Resources

   
Previous: Discovery and Looking Inside Cells          Next: Genetics: The Science of Heredity



Teacher Resources

 Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Assignments    crayon0a.gif (328 bytes) Art Activity    Magnify0b.gif - 341 BytesLab      BookOpen.bmp (16686 bytes) Lesson Plan      braininjar.gif (1615 bytes)Tests     IconMap.bmp (3402 bytes) Maps     Note02.gif (247 bytes) Resources     Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Web Sites    
SchoolBus5.bmp (6174 bytes) Field Trips      Computer.gif (1114 bytes) Computer     bookpages.gif (1592 bytes) Book    Dice.bmp (3974 bytes) Games    star.gif (2279 bytes)Extra Credit     filmstrip.gif (6075 bytes)PPT

 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes Biology Chapter Worksheets
ASEXUAL REPRODUCTION
 Earth.gif - 6650 BytesBinary Fission in a Protist    These images, captured from video using a Snappy video grabber, illustrate the final stages of protozoan asexual reproduction (a process known as "binary fission"). The organism undergoing division, a small ciliate, gets a helping hand from one of its "cohorts" during the final stage, separation of the two daughter cells.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Reproduction in Animals: Asexual Reproduction
DIFFUSION
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Diffusion and Osmosis With Data Analysis  This activity helps students understand the essential principles governing diffusion and osmosis. Concepts such as permeability, equilibrium, water potential, concentration gradients, and plasmolysis are illustrated.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Egg Osmometers  Students construct osmometers using raw eggs and other readily obtainable materials. Osmometers are used to examine the phenomena of concentration gradients, diffusion, osmosis, osmotic pressure, passive transport, and active transport.
ELEMENTS and COMPOUNDS
Pencil.gif (1165 bytes) Names of Elements and Compounds
Earth.gif (6650 bytes) Zooming Down the Tree of Life to Life's Building Blocks
FERMENTATION
Magnify0b.gif (341 bytes) Fermentation of Apple Cider
MITOSIS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes Mitosis Notes Draw phases of mitosis and fill in blanks.
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Plant Cell Lab Prepare an onion skin slide and draw 5-10 cells.  Identify phases of mitosis.
 Note02.gif - 247 Bytes  Mitosis: Chromosome Replication & Division
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Animal Cell Mitosis  A Cells Alive Site.  Watch an animation of cell division.
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Cell Cycle & Mitosis Tutorial
 Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes OnLine Onion Root Tips    In order to examine cells in the tip of an onion root, a thin slice of the root is placed onto a microscope slide and stained so the chromosomes will be visible. The cells you'll be looking at in this activity were photographed with a light microscope and then digitized so you can see them on the computer.
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
 Pencil.gif - 434 Bytes How Does a Plant Get Energy
Earth.gif - 6650 Bytes Illuminating Photosynthesis  This feature takes a look at the oxygen/carbon dioxide cycle and at the process of photosynthesis. Also included are a few puzzlers with answers that may surprise you.
SPECIALIZED CELLS
 Magnify0b.gif - 341 Bytes Observing Specialized Cells   In this investigation, you will observe several different types of cells.  You will compare and contrast the structures you see in the cells, and relate the structures to the functions the different cells perform.


Student Extra Credit

 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Extra Credit star.gif - 2279 Bytes

 star.gif - 2279 BytesCells Alive Worksheet  Use this worksheet and explore the Cells Alive Web Site.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Cellular Respiration  Difficult question page from Biology Chapter Worksheets
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Drag and Drop Cell Membrane  Create and label a model of a cell membrane.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Egg Osmometers  Construct osmometers using a raw egg. Osmometers are used to study diffusion.  Bring your egg in!!
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Elements and Compounds Crossword Puzzle
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Illuminating Photosynthesis an Internet Activity
 star.gif - 2279 BytesInnovative Inventions   Find out the year these inventions were created.
 star.gif - 2279 Bytes Zooming Down the Tree of Life to Life's Building Blocks  Explore the web site on carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.  Answer the worksheet questions.


Previous: Discovery and Looking Inside Cells          Next: Genetics: The Science of Heredity