ExpertIconHorse.bmp (45990 bytes) BE AN EXPERT: MAMMALS

Your science text, other science books, encyclopedias, the library, field guides, and the Internet can help you with these assignment. SmithLifeScience found at:

1. Mammal Vocabulary      5 Points
Define the following terms.animal

gestation period

Mammal Characteristics     5 Points
Name three characteristics that distinguish mammals from all other animals.
    A. _____________________________________________________________
    B. _____________________________________________________________
    C. _____________________________________________________________

3. Mammal Groups     5 Points
Name the three Main groups of mammals.
    A. ________________________
    B. ________________________
    C. ________________________


4. Mammal Milk     5 Points
Examine the label on a container of whole milk.
List the types of nutrients whole milk contains?

5. Mammal Orders
     10 Points
There are 20 orders of mammals.
Name a mammal from each of the 13 most common orders.

ORDER NAME          Mammal from Order     
Monotremes Egg-laying Mammals  
Marsupial Pouched Mammals  
Insectivore Insect eating Mammals  
Chiroptera Flying Mammals  
Rodentia Gnawing Mammals  
Lagomorpha Leaping Mammals  
Cetacea Ocean-dwelling Mammals  
Carnivora Meat-eating Mammals  
Proboscidea Trunk nosed Mammals  
Perrisodactyla Odd Number of toes  
Artiodactyla Even Number of toes  
Xenarthra Toothless Mammals  
Primate Large Brains; eyes face forward  


6. Mammal Classification      5 Points
Classify three mammals from phylum through species.




2.                                    3.                                 
Phylum Vertebrate      
Class Aves      
Order Passeriformes      
Family Turdidae      
Genus Turdus      





7. Mammal Report      10 Points
From study, reading, and research, write a simple history of a wild mammal that lives in your area.

A. Describe its habitat.

B. Reproduction

C. What does it eat?

D. What eats it?

E. How are plants important to this mammal?

F. Describe how it is helpful or harmful to people.

8. Horse Diagram     5 Points
Label the parts of this horse.

  • Back
  • Mane
  • Forelock
  • Nostril
  • Dock
  • Withers
  • Eye
  • Belly
  • Hock
  • Hoof
  • Knee
  • Fetlock
  • Shank
  • Head
  • Muzzle
  • Tail

SciMammalHorseexternal.bmp (324698 bytes)


9. Mammal Tracks     15 Points
Create a poster to display in the classroom that shows the tracks that mammals make.
The tracks should include the forelegs and hind legs.
The tracks should be drawn full sized and identified.
Your chart should include 8 different mammals.


10. Mammal Food Chain     5 Points
Trace two possible food chains of carnivorous mammals.
Start with decomposers in the soil and trace the chain through four stages to the carnivore.

Decomposers in soil  -->                             -->                            -->                           -->

Decomposers in soil  -->                             -->                            -->                           -->

. Gray Whales  10 Points
Match the numbers on the diagram to the features in the lists.

SciWhaleGrayExt.bmp (132790 bytes) SciWhaleGraySkeleton.bmp (129862 bytes)
  • _____ dorsal "knuckles"
  • _____ flukes
  • _____ flipper
  • _____ blowhole
  • _____ baleen
  • _____ eye
  • _____ parasites
  • _____ ventral groove
  • _____ cranium
  • _____ cervical vertebrae
  • _____ thoracic vertebrae
  • _____ lumbar vertebrae
  • _____ caudal vertebrae
  • _____ pelvic bones
  • _____ ribs
  • _____ scapula
  • _____ humerus
  • _____ radius
  • _____ ulna
  • _____ phalanges

12. Mammal Gestation Periods and Care     15 Points
The data chart shows the gestation period of several mammals.
The chart also shows the length of time that the mammals care for their young after birth.
Add three mammals to the chart.

Mammal Gestation Period

Time Spent Caring for Young After Birth

Field Mouse 21 days 1 month
Chimpanzee 8 months 24 months
Harp Seal 11 months 21 days
Indian Elephant 21 months 24 months
Bob Cat 2 months 8 months


Construct a double bar graph for gestation period and for time spent caring for young.
Use different colors for gestation time and care time

Interpreting Data

Which mammal in the table care for their young for the shortest time? ________________

Which mammal in the table care for their young for the longest time? ________________

Drawing Conclusions

How are the size of the mammal and the length of time it cares for the young related?

Which animal is the exception to this pattern? _____________________

13. Animal Science: Breeds
     10 Points
Choose a farm animal group: horses, dairy cattle, beef cattle, sheep, or hogs.
Name four breeds, their principal use and merits. Record where the breed originated.

            Breed                                    Principal use and merit                               Origin      










14. Animal Science: Diseases      10 Points
List 5 diseases that the group you chose could contract.
Describe the symptoms, how it is contracted, and how it can be prevented.

         Disease                  Symptoms                     How Contracted              How its Prevented











15. Too Many Otters
   10 Points
Take the role of a wildlife biologist and try to manage the population of river otters in a given area.
Found at:

You are preparing to release a group of 4 adult river otters into Milford State Park. 
There have not been river otters in your area for 20 years.
You are responsible for managing the new river otter population in a 50 square mile area.
To help track the river otters, your area is divided into 16 squares or quadrants.
Each quadrant is about 3 square miles. 
Decide the best place to release the otters and answer the questions about the choices you made.


16. Trapping in the United States      5 Points
Make a list of the states that allow trapping and those states that don't allow trapping.



17. Otter Pelts      5 Points
Research how river otters are trapped and what river otter pelts are used for.


18. Rabbit Internal Diagram     5 Points
Label the internal organs of the rabbit.

  • Bladder
  • Diaphragm
  • Heart
  • Left Lung
  • Liver
  • Ovary (Only found in females)
  • Right Kidney
  • Small Intestine
  • Spleen
  • Stomach
  • Testis (Only found on males)
  • Thymus
  • Uterus (Only found on females)

                                SciRabbitInternal.bmp (788310 bytes)




19. Animal Careers     5 Points
List three career opportunities in animal science.

Pick one of the careers and find out more about it.
    I chose ____________________.

20.  Mammal Teeth     5 Points
Identify and label the teeth of on this mammal skull.

SciMammalTeeth.bmp (523794 bytes) MAMMAL TEETH
  • Canines
  • Carnassal Teeth
  • Incisors
  • Molars
  • Premolars



21. Cow Diagram
    5 Points
Match the cow body part to its matching number.

SciMammalCowDiagram.bmp (366966 bytes)     _____ Muzzle
_____ Hip
_____ Teat
_____ Pastern
_____ Fore Ribs
_____ Hoof
_____ Head
_____ Tail
_____ Chest
_____ Legs
_____ Rump
_____ Neck
_____ Rear Udder
_____ Jaw
_____ Fore Udder
_____ Loin
_____ Hock
_____ Rear Ribs
_____ Median Ligament
_____ Pin Bone


22. Beef Meat Cuts Diagram      5 Points
Identify the beef cuts of a steer.
Put the number of the beef cut into the blank.

SciMammalCowMeatCuts.bmp (215154 bytes)              _____ Shank
_____ Chuck
_____ Flank
_____ Short Plate
_____ Brisket
_____ Round
_____ Sirloin
_____ Rib
_____ Shank
_____ Short Loin


23. Sheep Diagram     10 Points
Try this sheep diagram from Oklahoma State University's Department of Animal science.
This is a REAL "College for Kids" assignment.
Put the number of the body part in the correct location of the sheep diagram.


SciMammalSheepDiagram.bmp (652818 bytes)       1. Rear Shank
2. Hoof
3. forehead
4. Dock
5. Neck
6. Nostril
7. Rump
8. Ear
9. Mouth
10. Point of Shoulder
11. Loin
12. Stifle
13. Forelock
14. Rear Flank
15. Shoulder
16. Eye
17. Face
18. Breast
19. Foreshank
20. Knee
21. Dewclaw
22. Top of Shoulder
23. ShortRack or Back
24. Hock
25. Foreflank
26. Underline of Belly




24. Pig Diagram     10 Points
Try this Pig diagram from Oklahoma State University's Department of Animal science.
This is a REAL "College for Kids" assignment.
Put the number of the body part in the correct location of the pig diagram.

1. Neck
7. Forearm
13. Ham
19. Knee
  2. Tail
  8. Rump
  14. Hock
  20. Jowl
  3. Ear
  9. Eye
  15. Rear Flank
  21. Forearm
4. Sheath
10. Snout
16. Shoulder Blade
22. Cannon
5. Belly
11. Back or Loin
17. Shoulder
23. Pastern
6. Underline
12. Stifle
18. Foreflank
24. Dewclaws


SciMammalPigDiagram.bmp (382470 bytes)


Animal Tracks Den found at:

Animal Vocabulary found at:

Animals and Livestock found at:

Farm management Resources found at:

Gestation Periods Summary Chart found at:

Health Alert for Horses and Local Residents found at:

HorseQuest found at:

Mammal Orders found at:

Mammals found at:

NetVet: Veterinary Resources found at:

North American Mammals found at:

Taxonomy Page and Mammal Orders found at:

Virtual Livestock Library found at: