MS-L1-1 cells
Conduct an investigation to provide evidence that living things are made of cells; either one cell or many different numbers and types of cells.

MS-LS1-2  cell parts - function - processes
Develop and use a model to describe the function of a cell as a whole and ways parts of cells contribute to their function.

MS-LS1-3  Cell - Tissue - Organ - System
Use argument supported by evidence for how the body is a system of interacting subsystems composed of groups of cells.

MS-LS1-4 Adaptation
Use argument based on empirical evidence and scientific reasoning to support an explanation for how characteristic animal behaviors and specialized plant structures affect the probability of successful reproduction of animals and plants respectively.

MS-LS1-5 Needs of living things/ Adaptation
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for how environmental and genetic factors influence the growth of an organism.

MS-LS1-6 Photosynthesis
Construct a scientific explanation based on evidence for the role of photosynthesis in the cycling of matter and flow of energy into and out of organisms.

MS-LS1-7 Carbon cycle - Nitrogen cycle - Energy transfer
Develop a model to describe how food is rearranged through chemical reactions forming new molecules that support growth and/or release energy as this matter moves through an organism.

MS-LS1-8  Senses - Nervous system
Gather and synthesize information that sensory receptors respond to stimuli by sending messages to the brain for immediate behavior or storage as memories.




MS-LS2-1 Populations - Predator-prey - Carrying Capacity
Analyze and interpret data to provide evidence for the effects of resource availability on organisms and populations of organisms in an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-2  Populations - Ecosystems - Producers - Consumers - Decomposers
Construct an explanation that predicts patterns of interactions among organisms across multiple ecosystems.

MS-LS2-3 Populations - Energy pyramids - Food chains - Food webs
Develop a model to describe the cycling of matter and flow of energy among living and
non-living parts of an ecosystem.

MS-LS2-4 Populations - Habitats
Construct an argument supported by empirical evidence that changes to physical or biological components of an ecosystem affect populations.

MS-LS2-5  Biodiversity
Evaluate competing design solutions for maintaining biodiversity and ecosystem services.



MS-LS3-1 Heredity - Meiosis - Mutations
Develop and use a model to describe why structural changes to genes (mutations) located on chromosomes may affect proteins and may result in harmful, beneficial, or neutral effects to the structure and function of the organism.

MS-LS3-2 Heredity - Mitosis - Mendel-  Meiosis - Punett Squares
Develop and use a model to describe why asexual reproduction results in offspring with identical genetic information and sexual reproduction results in offspring with genetic variation.






MS-LS4-1 Geological time - Fossils - Evolution - Extinction
Analyze and interpret data for patterns in the fossil record that document the existence, diversity, extinction, and change of life forms throughout the history of life on Earth under the assumption that natural laws operate today as in the past.

MS-LS4-2  Natural selection - Evolution
Apply scientific ideas to construct an explanation for the anatomical similarities and differences among modern and fossil organisms to infer evolutionary relationships.

MS-LS4-3  Embryos
Analyze displays of pictorial data to compare patterns of similarities in the embryological development across multiple species to identify relationships not evident in the fully formed anatomy.

MS-LS4-4 Natural selection - Competition - Peppered moth - Snowshoe hare
Construct an explanation based on evidence that describes how genetic variations of traits in a population increase some individuals' probability of surviving and reproducing in a specific environment.

MS-LS4-5  Selective breeding - cloning
Gather and synthesize information about the technologies that have changed the way humans influence the inheritance of desired traits in organisms.

MS-LS4-16 Natural selection
Use mathematical representations to support explanations of how natural selection may lead to increases and decreases of specific traits in populations over time.



Common Core Language Arts CCSS.6.R.I.4 Literacy

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings.


Common Core Math CCSS 6 SP-A.1 Recognize a statistical question as one that anticipates variability in the data related to the question and accounts for it in the answers.

Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables.

Common Core Math CCSS 6 EE-C.9 Content
Use variables to represent two quantities in a real-world problem that change in relationship to one another; write an equation to express one quantity, thought of as the dependent variable, in terms of the other quantity, thought of as the independent variable. Analyze the relationship between the dependent and independent variables using graphs and tables, and relate these to the equation.